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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 23

  • Austerity, policy and sport participation in England

    Widdop, Paul   King, Neil   Parnell, Daniel   Cutts, David   Millward, Peter  

    This study seeks to understand participation levels in sport across sociodemographic groups, specifically for the period 2008-14, in the context of austerity measures taken by central government resulting in local authority income and expenditure reductions. Participation levels over time were analysed using data from the Active People Survey (APS), which was the preferred method for measuring participation by Sport England until its replacement in 2015. Budgetary constraints in local authorities have subsequently resulted in an expenditure decrease for non-discretionary services including 'sport development and community recreation'. This area of expenditure forms one component of sport-related services and primarily focuses on raising participation in 'hard-to-reach' groups. The study found that policy goals associated with raising and widening participation were not met to any significant degree between 2008 and 2014 as participation levels have changed little for lower income 'hard-to-reach' groups. It is claimed that this outcome is in part due to austerity measures impacting on local authority expenditure. This study has implications for policymakers and practitioners as it illustrates both the challenges faced in setting and delivering policy aimed at raising participation levels in 'hard-to-reach' groups, particularly in the context of austerity, and the difficulties associated with measuring participation.
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  • Sport policy and politics in an era of austerity

    Parnell, Daniel   Millward, Peter   Widdop, Paul   King, Neil   May, Anthony  

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  • Sport management issues in an era of austerity

    Parnell, Daniel   Spracklen, Karl   Millward, Peter  

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  • Football and health improvement: an emerging field

    Parnell, Daniel   Pringle, Andy  

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  • Football and physical health: what do we know?

    Parnell, Daniel   Cope, Ed   Bailey, Richard   Krustrup, Peter   Curran, Kathryn  

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  • Healthy stadia: an insight from policy to practice

    Parnell, Daniel   Curran, Kathryn   Philpott, Matthew  

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  • Sport and arts - important settings for health improvement.

    Pringle, Andy   Curran, Kathryn   Zwolinsky, Stephen   Parnell, Daniel  

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  • Sport and austerity in the UK: an insight into Liverpool 2014

    Parnell, Daniel   Millward, Peter   Spracklen, Karl  

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  • Management strategies of non-profit community sport facilities in an era of austerity

    Parnell, Daniel   May, Anthony   Widdop, Paul   Cope, Ed   Bailey, Richard  

    Research Question: This qualitative research explores the impact of austerity on community sport facilities across England (United Kingdom), drawing upon resource dependence theory (RDT) embedded within network theory. Research Methods: In-depth semi-structured interview data were collected from 24 stakeholders related to community sport facilities (n =3D 12 facility managers, n =3D 6 regional grant managers, n =3D 6 national funders both third sector and corporate). The qualitative data were thematically analysed to understand the impact of austerity on how community sport facilities managed their organisations and operations. Results and Findings: The findings from this research offer insight into the challenges that community sport facilities are encountering which have resulted from austerity, and a shrinking of the funding from the central Government to local public services. Furthermore, different community sport facilities have navigated these challenges to maintain sustainability, essentially through adapting network structure and through income dynamism. In addition, using a network theory approach alongside RDT within a sporting context has allowed us to address issues on how network flow and structure impact sustainability and operations within and between organisations.
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  • Introduction

    Parnell, Daniel   Richardson, David  

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  • Professional football clubs could deliver pragmatic physical activity interventions to promote mental health

    Parnell, Daniel   Curran, Kathryn  

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  • Professional football clubs could deliver pragmatic physical activity interventions to promote mental health.

    Parnell, Daniel   Curran, Kathryn  

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  • Sport policy and English primary physical education: the role of professional football clubs in outsourcing

    Parnell, Daniel   Cope, Ed   Bailey, Richard   Widdop, Paul  

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  • Football in the community schemes: exploring the effectiveness of an intervention in promoting healthful behaviour change

    Parnell, Daniel   Stratton, Gareth   Drust, Barry   Richardson, Dave  

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  • RETRACTION:Football and physical health:what do we know? (Retraction of,vol 21,pg 1,2018) (Retraction of Vol 21,Pg 1,2018)

    Parnell, Daniel   Cope, Ed   Bailey, Richard   Krustrup, Peter   Curran, Kathryn  

    Our current understanding is that football is a popular intervention option and can offer valuable health improvement programme success. This includes interventions delivered by professional football clubs and their respective in the community programmes, as well as other sports clubs organizing recreational football and Football Fitness, which is small-sided football training rather than competitive 11v11 matches. This article seeks to communicate an understanding of the role of football in physical health improvement using research, grey literature and policy documentation undertaken predominantly across the UK and Europe. The core themes that emerge from the review include the following health conditions and behaviours: overweight and obese, cardiovascular disease and lifestyle-related diseases; and the following target groups: children and young people, men, women and older adults, including Black, minority and ethnic groups. The evidence supports the health effects of football for these conditions and behaviours across the lifespan through controlled interventions and through community-based football programmes. The article concludes with a number of practical implications to improve the effectiveness of football-led physical health interventions.
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  • The emergence of the sporting director role in football and the potential of social network theory in future research

    Parnell, Daniel   Widdop, Paul   Groom, Ryan   Bond, Alex  

    The commodified and highly competitive nature of professional football (soccer) has increased the professionalisation of organisational structures and management practices within clubs that enhance their competitive advantages within the labour market. This is a direct result of the financial rewards for success, and the potential cost of failure is significant. The utilisation of the Sporting Director position represents one strategy for organisations to improve both on and off-field performance success through maintaining organisational influence and control. Yet, the role is accompanied by a range of conceptual and operational misunderstandings. This commentary aims to examine the emergence of the Sporting Director and to offer some guidance on potential avenues for future research. Specifically, we consider, how social network theory might provide a theoretical framework to understand the role of the Sporting Director in practice better. To achieve this, this commentary is structured into five sections. First, we outline the role of corporate governance, senior executives and board membership, within organisational studies and the applicability of this for professional football. Second, we offer a contextual analysis of the business of professional football in Europe, and in particular its move towards globalisation and commodification. Third, we provide a current review of the Sporting Director role in professional football. Fourth, we explain the value of thinking relationally, using a social network approach, to better understanding the role of the Sporting Director within the global context. Finally, we offer some concluding thoughts and considerations surrounding the adoption of the Sporting Director role in England, and outline some potential research agendas concerning social network theory, and related concepts such as embeddedness, structural holes and the strength of weak ties.
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