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Now showing items 1 - 2 of 2

  • Effects of electrolyte parameters on the iron/steel cathode potential in the chlorate process

    Nylen, Linda   Cornell, Ann  

    This study focuses on how different electrolyte parameters of the chlorate process affect the cathode potential for hydrogen evolution on iron in a wide current-density range. The varied parameters were pH, temperature, mass transport conditions and the ionic concentrations of chloride, chlorate, chromate and hypochlorite. At lower current densities, where cathodic protection of the electrode material is important, the pH buffering capacity of the electrolyte influenced the potential to a large extent. It could be concluded that none of the electrolyte parameters had any major effects (< 50 mV) on the chlorate-cathode potential at industrially relevant current densities (around 3 kA m(-2)). Certainly, there is more voltage to gain from changing the cathode material than from modifying the electrolyte composition. This is exemplified by experiments on steel corroded from operation in a chlorate plant, which exhibits significantly higher activity for hydrogen evolution than polished steel or iron.
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  • Investigation of the oxygen evolving electrode in pH-neutral electrolytes - Modelling and experiments of the RDE-cell

    Nylen, Linda   Behm, Marten   Cornell, Ann   Lindbergh, Goran  

    A model has been developed to illustrate the complex interplay between the acidifying electrode reactions for oxygen evolution, mass transport and homogeneous reactions in pH-neutral electrolytes. Modelled polarisation curves of the oxygen evolution reaction were verified by polarisation curves experimentally measured in 5 M NaClO4 on a RDE of DSA material. The conditions in the simulations and in the experiments were similar to those in the chlorate process (high ionic strength, 70 degrees C, chromate-containing electrolyte, DSA electrode), in which the oxygen evolution reaction is one of the possible side reactions. The model predicted the concentration gradients of H+, OH-, CrO42- and HCrO4- during oxygen evolution on the RDE. It was found that an important part of the chromate buffering effect at high current densities occurs in a thin (in the order of nanometers) reaction layer at the anode. From comparisons between the model and experiments, a buffering reaction has been proposed. The most likely reaction for the chromate buffering in the investigated system is CrO42- reacting with water to HCrO4- and OH-. In the chlorate process, where chromate is a buffer and oxygen evolution is a side reaction, it is likely that chromate promotes oxygen evolution from OH-. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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