Creat membership Creat membership
Sign in

Forgot password?

Confirm
  • Forgot password?
    Sign Up
  • Confirm
    Sign In
home > search

Now showing items 1 - 8 of 8

  • The effect of acute pain on risky and intertemporal choice

    Koppel, Lina   Andersson, David   Morrison, India   Posadzy, Kinga   V?stfj?ll, Daniel   Tingh?g, Gustav  

    Download Collect
  • Is it me or the music? Stress reduction and the role of regulation strategies and music

    Baltazar, Margarida   Västfjäll, Daniel   Asutay, Erkin   Koppel, Lina   Saarikallio, Suvi  

    Download Collect
  • No Effect of Ego Depletion on Risk Taking

    Koppel, Lina   Andersson, David   Vastfjall, Daniel   Tinghog, Gustav  

    We investigated the effect of ego depletion on risk taking. Specifically, we conducted three studies (total n=3D 1,716) to test the prediction that ego depletion results in decisions that are more strongly in line with prospect theory, i.e., that ego depletion reduces risk taking for gains, increases risk taking for losses, and increases loss aversion. Ego depletion was induced using two of the most common manipulations from previous literature: the letter 'e' task (Studies 1 and 3) and the Stroop task (Study 2). Risk taking was measured using a series of standard, incentivized economic decision-making tasks assessing risk preferences in the gain domain, risk preferences in the loss domain, and loss aversion. None of the studies revealed a significant effect of ego depletion on risk taking. Our findings cast further doubts about the ability of ego-depletion manipulations to affect actual behavior in experimental settings.
    Download Collect
  • A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect

    Hagger, Martin S.   Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D.   Alberts, Hugo   Anggono, Calvin Octavianus   Batailler, Cedric   Birt, Angela R.   Brand, Ralf   Brandt, Mark J.   Brewer, Gene   Bruyneel, Sabrina   Calvillo, Dustin P.   Campbell, W. Keith   Cannon, Peter R.   Carlucci, Marianna   Carruth, Nicholas P.   Cheung, Tracy   Crowell, Adrienne   De Ridder, Denise T. D.   Dewitte, Siegfried   Elson, Malte   Evans, Jacqueline R.   Fay, Benjamin A.   Fennis, Bob M.   Finley, Anna   Francis, Zoe   Heise, Elke   Hoemann, Henrik   Inzlicht, Michael   Koole, Sander L.   Koppel, Lina   Kroese, Floor   Lange, Florian   Lau, Kevin   Lynch, Bridget P.   Martijn, Carolien   Merckelbach, Harald   Mills, Nicole V.   Michirev, Alexej   Miyake, Akira   Mosser, Alexandra E.   Muise, Megan   Muller, Dominique   Muzi, Milena   Nalis, Dario   Nurwanti, Ratri   Otgaar, Henry   Philipp, Michael C.   Primoceri, Pierpaolo   Rentzsch, Katrin   Ringos, Lara   Schlinkert, Caroline   Schmeichel, Brandon J.   Schoch, Sarah F.   Schrama, Michel   Schuetz, Astrid   Stamos, Angelos   Tinghog, Gustav   Ullrich, Johannes   vanDellen, Michelle   Wimbarti, Supra   Wolff, Wanja   Yusainy, Cleoputri   Zerhouni, Oulmann   Zwienenberg, Maria  

    Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure. The model has typically been tested using a sequential-task experimental paradigm, in which people completing an initial self-control task have reduced self-control capacity and poorer performance on a subsequent task, a state known as ego depletion. Although a meta-analysis of ego-depletion experiments found a medium-sized effect, subsequent meta-analyses have questioned the size and existence of the effect and identified instances of possible bias. The analyses served as a catalyst for the current Registered Replication Report of the ego-depletion effect. Multiple laboratories (k =3D 23, total N =3D 2,141) conducted replications of a standardized ego-depletion protocol based on a sequential-task paradigm by Sripada et al. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that the size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d =3D 0.04, 95% CI [-0.07, 0.15]. We discuss implications of the findings for the ego-depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control.
    Download Collect
  • The effect of acute pain on risky and intertemporal choice

    Koppel, Lina   Andersson, David   Morrison, India   Posadzy, Kinga   Vastfjall, Daniel   Tinghog, Gustav  

    Pain is a highly salient and attention-demanding experience that motivates people to act. We investigated the effect of pain on decision making by delivering acute thermal pain to participants' forearm while they made risky and intertemporal choices involving money. Participants (n =3D 107) were more risk seeking under pain than in a no-pain control condition when decisions involved gains but not when they involved equivalent losses. Pain also resulted in greater preference for immediate (smaller) over future (larger) monetary rewards. We interpret these results as a motivation to offset the aversive, pain-induced state, where monetary rewards become more appealing under pain than under no pain and when delivered sooner rather than later. Our findings add to the long-standing debate regarding the role of intuition and reflection in decision making.
    Download Collect
  • Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998)

    O'Donnell, Michael   Nelson, Leif D.   Ackermann, Evi   Aczel, Balazs   Akhtar, Athfah   Aldrovandi, Silvio   Alshaif, Nasseem   Andringa, Ronald   Aveyard, Mark   Babincak, Peter   Balatekin, Nursena   Baldwin, Scott A.   Banik, Gabriel   Baskin, Ernest   Bell, Raoul   Bialobrzeska, Olga   Birt, Angie R.   Boot, Walter R.   Braithwaite, Scott R.   Briggs, Jessie C.   Buchner, Axel   Budd, Desiree   Budzik, Kathryn   Bullens, Lottie   Bulley, Richard L.   Cannon, Peter R.   Cantarero, Katarzyna   Cesario, Joseph   Chambers, Stephanie   Chartier, Christopher R.   Chekroun, Peggy   Chong, Clara   Cleeremans, Axel   Coary, Sean P.   Coulthard, Jacob   Cramwinckel, Florien M.   Denson, Thomas F.   Diaz-Lago, Marcos   DiDonato, Theresa E.   Drummond, Aaron   Eberlen, Julia   Ebersbach, Titus   Edlund, John E.   Finnigan, Katherine M.   Fisher, Justin   Frankowska, Natalia   Garcia-Sanchez, Efrain   Golom, Frank D.   Graves, Andrew J.   Greenberg, Kevin   Hanioti, Mando   Hansen, Heather A.   Harder, Jenna A.   Harrell, Erin R.   Hartanto, Andree   Inzlicht, Michael   Johnson, David J.   Karpinski, Andrew   Keller, Victor N.   Klein, Olivier   Koppel, Lina   Krahmer, Emiel   Lantian, Anthony   Larson, Michael J.   Legal, Jean-Baptiste   Lucas, Richard E.   Lynott, Dermot   Magaldino, Corey M.   Massar, Karlijn   McBee, Matthew T.   McLatchie, Neil   Melia, Nadhilla   Mensink, Michael C.   Mieth, Laura   Moore-Berg, Samantha   Neeser, Geraldine   Newell, Ben R.   Noordewier, Marret K.   Ozdogru, Asil Ali   Pantazi, Myrto   Parzuchowski, Michal   Peters, Kim   Philipp, Michael C.   Pollmann, Monique M. H.   Rentzelas, Panagiotis   Rodriguez-Bailon, Rosa   Roeer, Jan Philipp   Ropovik, Ivan   Roque, Nelson A.   Rueda, Carolina   Rutjens, Bastiaan T.   Sackett, Katey   Salamon, Janos   Sanchez-Rodriguez, Angel   Saunders, Blair   Schaafsma, Juliette   Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Michael   Shanks, David R.   Sherman, Martin F.   Steele, Kenneth M.   Steffens, Niklas K.   Sun, Jessie   Susa, Kyle J.   Szaszi, Barnabas   Szollosi, Aba   Tamayo, Ricardo M.   Tinghog, Gustav   Tong, Yuk-yue   Tweten, Carol   Vadillo, Miguel A.   Valcarcel, Deisy   Van der Linden, Nicolas   van Elk, Michiel   van Harreveld, Frenk   Vastfjall, Daniel   Vazire, Simine   Verduyn, Philippe   Williams, Matt N.   Willis, Guillermo B.   Wood, Sarah E.   Yang, Chunliang   Zerhouni, Oulmann   Zheng, Robert   Zrubka, Mark  

    Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (professor) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (soccer hooligans). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%-3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and -0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N =3D 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N =3D 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the professor category and those primed with the hooligan category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.
    Download Collect
  • Intuition and Moral Decision-Making- The Effect of Time Pressure and Cognitive Load on Moral Judgment and Altruistic Behavior

    Andersson, David   Bonn, Caroline   Johannesson, Magnus   Kirchler, Michael   Koppel, Lina   Vastfjall, Daniel  

    Do individuals intuitively favor certain moral actions over others? This study explores the role of intuitive thinking D induced by time pressure and cognitive load D in moral judgment and behavior. We conduct experiments in three different countries (Sweden, Austria, and the United States) involving over 1,400 subjects. All subjects responded to four trolley type dilemmas and four dictator games involving different charitable causes. Decisions were made under time pressure/time delay or while experiencing cognitive load or control. Overall we find converging evidence that intuitive states do not influence moral decisions. Neither time-pressure nor cognitive load had any effect on moral judgments or altruistic behavior. Thus we find no supporting evidence for the claim that intuitive moral judgments and dictator game giving differ from more reflectively taken decisions. Across all samples and decision tasks men were more likely to make utilitarian moral judgments and act selfishly compared to women, providing further evidence that there are robust gender differences in moral decision-making. However, there were no significant interactions between gender and the treatment manipulations of intuitive versus reflective decision-making.
    Download Collect
  • The (Null) Effect of Affective Touch on Betrayal Aversion,Altruism,and Risk Taking

    Koppel, Lina   Andersson, David   Morrison, India   Vastfjall, Daniel   Tinghog, Gustav  

    Pleasant touch is thought to increase the release of oxytocin. Oxytocin, in turn, has been extensively studied with regards to its effects on trust and prosocial behavior, but results remain inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of touch on economic decision making. Participants (n =3D 120) were stroked on their left arm using a soft brush (touch condition) or not at all (control condition; varied within subjects), while they performed a series of decision tasks assessing betrayal aversion (the Betrayal Aversion Elicitation Task), altruism (donating money to a charitable organization), and risk taking (the Balloon Analog Risk Task). We found no significant effect of touch on any of the outcome measures, neither within nor between subjects. Furthermore, effects were not moderated by gender or attachment. However, attachment avoidance had a significant effect on altruism in that those who were high in avoidance donated less money. Our findings contribute to the understanding of affective touch-and, by extension, oxytocin-in social behavior, and decision making by showing that touch does not directly influence performance in tasks involving risk and prosocial decisions. Specifically, our work casts further doubt on the validity of oxytocin research in humans.
    Download Collect
1

Contact

If you have any feedback, Please follow the official account to submit feedback.

Turn on your phone and scan

Submit Feedback