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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 96

  • Clinical errors in cognitive–behavior therapy.

    Kim, Eun Ha   Hollon, Steven D.   Olatunji, Bunmi O.  

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    The present invention provides a fluorescent resveratrone [(E)-4-(6,8-dihydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)but-3-en-2-one] and its derivatives having Formula 1 and a method for preparing the same by a photochemical reaction of resveratrol and its derivatives which are not fluorescent having Formula 7 or Formula 8. The new fluorescent compounds of the present invention has single-photon absorptive characteristics and/or two-photon absorptive characteristics as well as no or little toxicity according to a cytotoxicity test and can be usefully utilized in the field of organic fluorescent element, display element, spectrometer, two-photon absorptive storing device, laser micro processing apparatus, photo dynamic therapy apparatus and the like.
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    The present invention relates to a column unit for a chair, wherein the column unit for a chair is compact and can improve durability against lateral forces. The present invention relates to a column unit for a chair, in which the height thereof is controlled by upward and downward movements of a spindle assembly, wherein the column unit comprises: an outer pipe comprising an inclined portion of which the diameter gradually becomes larger as it approaches a front end thereof; an inner pipe which is inserted into the outer pipe to form a space portion between the inclined portion and the inner pipe; and a spindle guide which is inserted into the inner pipe to guide the upward and downward movements of the spindle assembly.
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  • Development and initial validation of the Child Disgust Scale.

    Viar-Paxton, Megan A   Ebesutani, Chad   Kim, Eun Ha   Ollendick, Thomas   Young, John   Olatunji, Bunmi O  

    Although disgust sensitivity (DS) has been implicated in the development of anxiety disorders in children, the absence of a measure of DS specifically for children has not allowed for an adequate test of this claim. To fill this important gap in the literature, this investigation presents a series of studies on the development and examination of the psychometric properties (including reliability, validity, and factor structure) of scores on a newly developed Child Disgust Scale (CDS). Exploratory factor analysis in Study 1 (N =3D 1,500) found that a bifactor model, which allows for a "g" DS factor in addition to 2 distinct factors of Disgust Avoidance and Disgust Affect, was the best fit for the data. Study 2 (N =3D 573) confirmed a two-factor bifactor model above and beyond a 1-factor model that controlled for method effects due to reverse-worded items. Results from Study 3 (N =3D 50) provided support for convergent and discriminant validity such that scores on the CDS were significantly correlated with measures of anxiety and fear, but not depression. Finally, Study 4 (N =3D 86) found that the CDS differentiated children with a diagnosis of specific phobia (n =3D 43) from a matched nonclinical community sample of children (n =3D 43), such that those with a specific phobia reported greater DS compared with controls. Results from these studies suggest that the CDS is a developmentally appropriate measure with good psychometric properties that can aid research on the role of disgust sensitivity in anxiety-related disorders in children. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved.
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  • The effects of environmental enrichment in the chick anxiety-depression model

    Kim, Eun Ha   Sufka, Kenneth J.  

    As a validation step of an animal simulation, the effects of environmental enrichment were tested in the anxiety-depression model, in which socially raised chicks are placed in isolation for a 2 h test period. Isolated chicks display an initial high rate of distress vocalizations, constituting the anxiety-like phase, followed by a marked decline and plateau in rates of vocalizations for the remainder of time in isolation, characterizing the depression-like phase. Four separate groups of domestic fowl chicks were group housed under enriched, impoverished (i.e., non-enriched) or a combination of the two housing conditions for six days and tested at 7 d posthatch in the aforementioned isolation procedure. Rates of distress vocalizations in the anxiety-like (2-3 min) or depression-like (30-120 min) phases were not affected by housing conditions. However, chicks continuously housed in enriched environments and chicks housed in the enriched environments on days 4-6 displayed a delay in the onset of the depression-like phase. The beneficial effect of environmental enrichment on the depression-like phase is consistent with other stress paradigms and provides another step towards validating the chick anxiety-depression model as a clinical simulation. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • A modified embedded-atom method interatomic potential for germanium

    Kim, Eun Ha   Shin, Young-Han   Lee, Byeong-Joo  

    A semi-empirical interatomic potential for germanium has been developed based on the modified embedded-atom method (MEAM) formalism. The new potential describes various fundamental physical properties of germanium: elastic, structural, point defect, surface, thermal properties (except melting point), etc., in better agreement with experimental data or first principles calculations than any other empirical potential ever developed. When compared to the previously developed MEAM Ge potential [M.I. Baskes, J.S. Nelson, A.F. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 40 (1989) 6085], certain improvements are made in descriptions of surface relaxations, point defects, thermal expansion and amorphous structure. The potential has the same formalism as already developed MEAM potentials for bcc, fcc and hcp elements, and can be easily extended to describe various metal-silicon multi-component systems. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Does the measure matter? On the association between disgust proneness and OCD symptoms

    Olatunji, Bunmi O.   Ebesutani, Chad   Kim, Eun Ha  

    Although some studies suggest that the association between disgust proneness (DP) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) is specific to the contamination subtype, others suggest that DP is associated with OCS more broadly. To examine if the discrepant findings may partially reflect differences in self-report measures used, this investigation employed structural equation modeling to examine the association between DP and OCS in three samples that completed different combinations of measures of DP, OCS, and anxiety/negative affect. In Study 1 (n =3D 626), the path from DP to contamination-based OCS was significantly stronger than the path from DP to non-contamination OCS when controlling for anxiety sensitivity. In Study 2 (n =3D 403), the results showed that the path from DP to contamination-based OCS did not significantly differ from the path from DP to non-contamination OCS when controlling for negative affect. Lastly, Study 3 (n =3D296) showed that the path from DP to contamination-based OCS was significantly weaker than the path from DP to non-contamination OCS. These findings highlight that the self-report measures employed is an important moderator when making inferences about the association between DP and contamination-based OCS and non-contamination OCS. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Left Ventricular Function in Children and Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

    Kim, Eun Ha   Kim, Yeo Hyang  

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  • Ethnic Identity, Self-Efficacy, and Intercultural Attitudes in East African and U.S. Youth

    Johnson, Laura R.   Kim, Eun Ha   Johnson-Pynn, Julie S.   Schulenberg, Stefan E.   Balagaye, Herieth   Lugumya, Douglas  

    Positive intercultural attitudes and civic action are increasingly important for youth around the world given the economic, social justice, and environmental challenges they face. Among U.S. youth and emerging adults, ethnic identity and self-efficacy are related to positive intercultural attitudes and may prompt civic engagement. Youth's efficacy and civic involvement are critically important in sub-Saharan Africa, where rates of civil conflict are among the highest in the world. However, little research has been conducted with East African youth. In this paper, we discuss contextual challenges facing East African youth and the potential role of ethnic identity and self-efficacy in promoting peaceful and sustainable societies. We report qualitative results and scores on standard measures of self-efficacy, ethnic identity, and intercultural attitudes for 554 youth members of environmental clubs in Tanzania, Uganda, and the United States. Ethnic identity was associated with enhanced self-efficacy in East African, but not U.S. participants. East Africans scored higher on ethnic identity compared to U.S. youth and were more likely to reference intercultural attitudes in open-ended responses. Results provide some support for construct relevance in East Africa, however psychometric results, including internal consistency, validity, and factor structure, were mixed. Our results provide a cautionary tale about the import of measures across cultures and contexts. There is a need for international research, measurement development, and further explication of the meaning and function of ethnic identity across cultures.
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    The present invention relates to a catalyst for homo-polymerization or co-polymerization of ethylene, or more particularly to a solid complex titanium catalyst for homo-polymerization or co-polymerisation of ethylene, said catalyst being produced by preparing a magnesium solution by contact-reacting a halogenated magnesium compound with alcohol, reacting said solution with an ester compound having at least one hydroxy group and a boron compound having an alkoxy group, and then reacting said solution with a mixture of a titanium compound and a silicon compound. The catalyst of the present invention has good activity, and the polymers produced by means of the catalyst herein has advantages in that the polymers have high bulk density with narrow particle distribution and a reduced amount of fines particles.
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  • The effects of environmental enrichment in the chick anxiety-depression model (vol 221, pg 276, 2011)

    Kim, Eun Ha   Sufka, Kenneth J.  

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  • Two Cases of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

    Son, Min Soo   Kim, Eun Ha   Moon, Chan Il   Ahn, Tae Hoon   Choi, In Suk   Shin, Eak Kyun  

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    Olatunji, Bunmi O.   Cox, Rebecca   Kim, Eun Ha  

    Although the experience of shame has been implicated in the development of eating disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the mechanism that may account for this association remains unclear. The present study examined the extent to which the relationship between shame and symptoms of bulimia and OCD is mediated by self-disgust in a large unselected sample. The results showed that shame proneness was significantly correlated with self-disgust, and both self-disgust and shame proneness were correlated with symptoms of bulimia, OCD, and general anxiety. Tests of mediation revealed that the relationship between shame proneness and symptoms of bulimia and OCD were partially mediated by self-disgust. Furthermore, this mediated effect in relation to bulimia and OCD remained unchanged when general disgust sensitivity and depression were included as nonspecific mediators in the model. In contrast, self-disgust did not uniquely mediate the association between shame and symptoms of general anxiety. These findings suggest that self-disgust uniquely mediates the relationship between shame and symptoms of disorders marked by compensatory behaviors like purging and compulsions. The implications of these findings for conceptualizing self-disgust as a mechanism by which shame may have its effects on some disorders are discussed.
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    The present invention discloses a method for analyzing a HCV genotype by extracting RNA from plasma and serum, performing C-type hepatitis virus (HCV) RT-PCR and then making them react on an oligonucleotide chip. The present invention also provides a method for simply and exactly examining the analysis of the HCV genotype for four people on one slide.
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  • Examination of a bifactor model of the Three Domains of Disgust Scale: specificity in relation to obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

    Olatunji, Bunmi O   Ebesutani, Chad   Kim, Eun Ha  

    The current research evaluated a bifactor model for the Three Domains of Disgust Scale (TDDS) in 2 undergraduate samples. The goals were (a) to evaluate whether the TDDS should be scored as a unidimensional scale or whether subscales of pathogen, sex, and moral disgust should be additionally interpreted, and (b) to examine the utility of the TDDS subscales above and beyond the total score in predicting obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. Results in Study 1 and Study 2 revealed that a bifactor model fit the TDDS data well and that all items were influenced by a general disgust dimension and by 1 of 3 content dimensions. However, model-based reliability estimated via omega hierarchical for the total score suggested that TDDS items are highly multidimensional. That is, the general disgust dimension only accounts for about half of the variability in the items of the total score, with the remaining variability accounted for by the specific disgust domains and other sources of variance. Despite the high degree of multidimensionality underlying the TDDS items, the pathogen and sex subscale scores were found to be relatively unreliable after controlling for the general disgust factor. Among the 3 domains, pathogen disgust had the most consistently significant relationship with an OCD symptom latent factor above and beyond the general disgust factor. The strengths and limitations of the TDDS are discussed in the context of these findings, and the implications for better understanding the structure of disgust and its relationship with OCD are outlined. 2015 APA, all rights reserved
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  • Religions in Asian America: Building Faith Communitiesby Pyong Gap; Jung Ha Kim

    Review by: Mary Phillips  

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