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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 41

  • Optimal Regulation of the Construction of Reliable Sea Defenses

    Nieto-Cerezo, Oscar   Wenzelburger, Jan   Patelli, Edoardo   Beer, Michael  

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  • Analytic Probabilistic Safety Analysis under Severe Uncertainty

    Sadeghi, Jonathan   de Angelis, Marco   Patelli, Edoardo  

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  • Robust propagation of probability boxes by interval predictor models

    Sadeghi, Jonathan   de Angelis, Marco   Patelli, Edoardo  

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  • Implications of uncertainties on European DEMO design

    Lux, Hanni   Siccinio, Mattia   Biel, Wolfgang   Federici, Gianfranco   Kembleton, Richard   Morris, William   Patelli, Edoardo   Zohm, Hartmut  

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  • A probabilistic metric for the validation of computational models

    Dvurecenska, Ksenija   Graham, Steve   Patelli, Edoardo  

    A new validation metric is proposed that combines the use of a threshold based on the uncertainty in the measurement data with a normalized relative error, and that is robust in the presence of large variations in the data. The outcome from the metric is the probability that a model's predictions are representative of the real world based on the specific conditions and confidence level pertaining to the experiment from which the measurements were acquired. Relative error metrics are traditionally designed for use with a series of data values, but orthogonal decomposition has been employed to reduce the dimensionality of data matrices to feature vectors so that the metric can be applied to fields of data. Three previously published case studies are employed to demonstrate the efficacy of this quantitative approach to the validation process in the discipline of structural analysis, for which historical data were available; however, the concept could be applied to a wide range of disciplines and sectors where modelling and simulation play a pivotal role.
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  • Probabilistic Risk Assessment of Station Blackouts in Nuclear Power Plants

    George-Williams, Hindolo   Lee, Min   Patelli, Edoardo  

    Adequate ac power is required for decay heat removal in nuclear power plants. Station blackout (SBO) accidents, therefore, are a very critical phenomenon to their safety. Though designed to cope with these incidents, nuclear power plants can only do so for a limited time, without risking core damage and possible catastrophe. Their impact on a plant's safety are determined by their frequency and duration, which quantities, currently, are computed via a static fault tree analysis that deteriorates in applicability with increasing system size and complexity. This paper proposes a novel alternative framework based on a hybrid of Monte Carlo methods, multistate modeling, and network theory. The intuitive framework, which is applicable to a variety of SBOs problems, can provide a complete insight into their risks. Most importantly, its underlying modeling principles are generic, and, therefore, applicable to non-nuclear system reliability problems, as well. When applied to the Maanshan nuclear power plant in Taiwan, the results validate the framework as a rational decision-support tool in the mitigation and prevention of SBOs.
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  • Efficient training of interval Neural Networks for imprecise training data

    Sadeghi, Jonathan   De Angelis, Marco   Patelli, Edoardo  

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  • Assessment of optimal design methods of viscous dampers

    Altieri, Domenico   Tubaldi, Enrico   Patelli, Edoardo   Dall'Asta, Andrea  

    Viscous dampers are often used for seismic protection and performance enhancement of building frames. The optimal design of such devices requires the modelling and propagation of the uncertainties related to the earthquake hazard. Different approaches are available for the seismic input characterisation and for the probabilistic response evaluation. This work analyzes the effect of different characterizations of the seismic input and of the response evaluation on the design of dampers for building frames. The seismic input is represented as a stochastic process and the optimal damper properties are found via a reliability-based design procedure aiming at controlling the frame performance while limiting the damper cost. Two simplified approaches are used to design the viscous damper of a multi-storey steel frame and the design results are compared with those obtained by considering a rigorous design approach resorting to advanced simulations for the response assessment. The first methodology evaluates the response through a prefixed probabilistic demand model, while the second approach considers the average response for a given hazard level only. The comparison allows to evaluate and quantify the effect of the seismic input uncertainty treatment on the system and damper performances. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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  • Dynamic analysis of multi-unit hydropower systems in transient process

    Li, Huanhuan   Chen, Diyi   Xu, Beibei   Tolo, Silvia   Patelli, Edoardo  

    This paper addresses a mathematical model and dynamic analysis of multi-unit hydropower systems in transient process. In this work, the first unit is assumed to be subject to a sudden load decrease, while the second unit runs with load. An approach to the description of the six stochastic dynamic transfer coefficients of the hydro-turbine is proposed for the second unit. Moreover, a novel dynamic model for the multi-unit hydropower system, able to take into account the eventual occurrence of water hammer in the penstock and the nonlinearity of the generator, is introduced. Also, a numerical application is analyzed in order to investigate the effectiveness of the approach proposed and the dynamic characteristics of the system under study. Finally, a comparative analysis is proposed in order to validate the proposed system. The methods and results implemented in this work provide theoretical tools to guarantee the stable operation of hydropower stations.
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  • Model Updating Strategy of the DLR-AIRMOD Test Structure

    Patelli, Edoardo   Broggi, Matteo   Govers, Yves   Mottershead, John E.  

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  • Simulation Methods for System Reliability Using the Survival Signature

    Patelli, Edoardo   Feng, Geng   Coolen, Frank P.A.   Coolen-Maturi, Tahani  

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  • Risk Assessment of Spent Nuclear Fuel Facilities Considering Climate Change

    Tolo, Silvia   Patelli, Edoardo   Beer, Michael  

    Natural hazards have the capability to affect technological installations, triggering multiple failures and putting the population and the surrounding environment at risk. Global climate change introduces an additional and not negligible element of uncertainty to the vulnerability quantification, threatening to intensify (both in terms of frequency and severity) the occurrence of extreme climate events. Sea level extremes and extreme coastal high waters are expected to change in the future as a result of both changes in atmospheric storminess and mean sea level rise, as well as extreme precipitation events. These trends clearly suggest a parallel increase in the risks affecting technological installations and the subsequent need for mitigation measures to enhance the reliability of existing systems and to improve the design standards of new facilities. In spite of this situation, the scientific research in this field lacks robust and reliable tools for this kind of assessment, often relying on the adoption of oversimplified models or strong assumptions, which affect the credibility of the results. The main purpose of this study is to provide a novel and general model for the evaluation of the risk of exposure of spent nuclear fuel stored in a facility subject to flood hazard, investigating the potential and limitations of Bayesian networks (BNs) in this field. The network aims to model the interaction between extreme weather conditions and the technological installation, as well as the propagation of failures within the system itself, taking into account the dependencies among the different components and the occurrence of human error. A real-world application concerning the nuclear power station of Sizewell B in East Anglia, in the United Kingdom, is extensively described, together with the models and data set used. Results are presented for three different time scenarios in which climate change projections have been adopted to estimate future risks. (C) 2016 American Society of Civil Engineers.
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  • An efficient approach for computing analytical non-parametric fragility curves

    Altieri, Domenico   Patelli, Edoardo  

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  • Dynamic and Probabilistic Multi-class Prediction of Tunnel Squeezing Intensity

    Chen, Yu   Li, Tianbin   Zeng, Peng   Ma, Junjie   Patelli, Edoardo   Edwards, Ben  

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  • Ice Gouge Depth Determination Via an Efficient Stochastic Dynamics Technique

    Gazis, Nikolaos   Kougioumtzoglou, Ioannis A.   Patelli, Edoardo  

    A simplified model of the motion of a grounding iceberg for determining the gouge depth into the seabed is proposed. Specifically, taking into account uncertainties relating to the soil strength, a nonlinear stochastic differential equation governing the evolution of the gouge length/depth in time is derived. Further, a recently developed Wiener path integral (WPI) based approach for solving approximately the nonlinear stochastic differential equation is employed; thus, circumventing computationally demanding Monte Carlo based simulations and rendering the approach potentially useful for preliminary design applications. The accuracy/reliability of the approach is demonstrated via comparisons with pertinent Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) data.
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  • Robust vulnerability analysis of nuclear facilities subject to external hazards

    Tolo, Silvia   Patelli, Edoardo   Beer, Michael  

    Natural hazards have the potential to trigger complex chains of events in technological installations leading to disastrous effects for the surrounding population and environment. The threat of climate change of worsening extreme weather events exacerbates the need for new models and novel methodologies able to capture the complexity of the natural-technological interaction in intuitive frameworks suitable for an interdisciplinary field such as that of risk analysis. This study proposes a novel approach for the quantification of risk exposure of nuclear facilities subject to extreme natural events. A Bayesian Network model, initially developed for the quantification of the risk of exposure from spent nuclear material stored in facilities subject to flooding hazards, is adapted and enhanced to include in the analysis the quantification of the uncertainty affecting the output due to the imprecision of data available and the aleatory nature of the variables involved. The model is applied to the analysis of the nuclear power station of Sizewell B in East Anglia (UK), through the use of a novel computational tool. The network proposed models the direct effect of extreme weather conditions on the facility along several time scenarios considering climate change predictions as well as the indirect effects of external hazards on the internal subsystems and the occurrence of human error. The main novelty of the study consists of the fully computational integration of Bayesian Networks with advanced Structural Reliability Methods, which allows to adequately represent both aleatory and epistemic aspects of the uncertainty affecting the input through the use of probabilistic models, intervals, imprecise random variables as well as probability bounds. The uncertainty affecting the output is quantified in order to attest the significance of the results and provide a complete and effective tool for risk-informed decision making.
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