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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 287

  • Evaluation of a Telehealth Counseling Program for Expatriates

    Park, Hwa Yeon   Kim, Ju Young   Koo, Hye Yeon   Han, Jinah   Jun, Ji Hye   Lee, Wonjae   Na, Ki Young   Lee, Hyang Yuol   Pak, Yuliya   Jang, Seunghee   Kim, Sergey   Jeong, Chulkyu   Nam, Taewook  

    Background:Health problems for expatriates are common due to their vulnerability to local infectious diseases, psychosocial problems, and chronic diseases, but many problems go largely unmet in this unique population.Introduction:Telehealth counseling was developed and tested for Korean expatriates. We explored the current status of using telehealth counseling systems and showed its feasibility and acceptability in three countries.Materials and Methods:This retrospective study was based on the Development and demonstration of telehealth counseling program for overseas Koreans project funded by the Korea Health Industry Development Institute. In this project, we established five Digital Healthcare Centers (DHCs): 3 in Vietnam and 1 each in Uzbekistan and Cambodia. We used data from October 2016 to September 2017; descriptive analysis and one-way ANOVA were used to present detailed information.Results:A total of 442 patients made an appointment for telehealth counseling services. Overall user satisfaction rates were 96.1%. Over two thirds of patients (302/442, 68.3%) completed one-time telehealth counseling. About 13% were referred to primary care, and 17 (3.8%) were referred to specialists or tertiary hospital. The most common diagnostic category was endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases (14%), followed by diseases of the circulatory system (12.3%) for one-time visit patients.Discussion:Our telehealth counseling program for expatriates was feasible and acceptable in three countries. It also has the potential to minimize language barriers and the cost of healthcare usage.Conclusion:Further research for sustainable effective telehealth systems for expatriates will be needed.
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  • Renal function and decline in functional capacity in older adults.

    Chin, Ho Jun   Ahn, Shin Young   Ryu, Jiwon   Kim, Sejoong   Na, Ki Young   Kim, Ki Woong   Chae, Dong-Wan   Kim, Cheol-Ho   Kim, Kwang-Il  

    BACKGROUND: longitudinal relationship between renal function, disability and mortality has not been evaluated.; OBJECTIVE: we investigated the temporal association between renal function and disability, and aimed to identify the influence of disability on mortality according to renal function in a cohort of older Koreans.; DESIGN/SETTING: Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging is a prospective, population-based cohort.; SUBJECTS: community-dwelling Koreans =E2=89=A565 years of age.; MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Korean version of activities of daily living (ADL), Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and all-cause mortality.; RESULTS: a total of 984 participants were followed for 5 years with a 70.9% participation rate. The participants were categorized into three groups according to their baseline estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) (Group I, =E2=89=A560; Group II, 45-59; and Group III, <45 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Baseline eGFR was higher in participants who maintained functional status compared with participants who died or had disability at follow-up examination. The incidence of ADL/IADL decline was 13, 12.5 and 29.5% in participants who showed improvement, no change, and decline in renal function, respectively (P =3D 0.01). The hazard ratio for mortality in the subgroup with IADL disability was 1.87 (95% CI: 1.10-3.20, P =3D 0.022) in Group I, and 2.53 (95% CI: 1.57-4.09, P<0.001) in Groups II and III after adjustment.; CONCLUSIONS: impaired renal function was related to disability and ADL/IADL decline. The effect of ADL/IADL disability on mortality was more prominent in participants with impaired eGFR. =C2=A9 The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:
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  • Additional role of urine output criterion in defining acute kidney injury

    Han, Seung Seok   Kang, Kyung Ja   Kwon, Soon Jung   Wang, Su Jung   Shin, Sun Hee   Oh, Se-Won   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong-Wan   Kim, Suhnggwon   Chin, Ho Jun  

    Background. Diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) has been a major concern due to its association with increased morbidity and mortality. However, the clinical implication of the urine output criterion (UOCr) in diagnosing AKI has not been fully established. Methods. We assessed the incidence of AKI among 1625 critically ill patients and analysed the overall survival rates based on the serum creatinine criterion (CrCr) and UOCr, both of which have been defined by the AKI Network (AKIN). Results. Within 7 days of admission, the risk rate of AKI was 57.0% and the rate determined by UOCr alone was 25.7%. AKI determined by the UOCr alone increased hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality; 1.81 (Stage 1), 2.96 (Stage 2) and 4.17 (Stage 3) compared to non-AKI. However, the difference in mortality between Stages 2 and 3 using the CrCr alone was not significant (P = 0.881). In patients with Stages 2 and 3 by the CrCr, the UOCr further separated the survival rates (P = 0.001 among the four UOCr stages). The diuretic dose did not alter the discriminative function of the UOCr for survival rates. However, 42.1% of non-AKI cases, as determined by the UOCr, were identified as AKI cases by the CrCr. Conclusion. Although some AKI cases were not identified by the UOCr alone, the UOCr has an additional role in AKI staging, regardless of diuretic use.
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  • Gestational Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and Adverse Maternofetal Outcomes

    Park, Sehoon   Lee, Seung Mi   Park, Joong Shin   Hong, Joon-Seok   Chin, Ho Jun   Na, Ki Young   Kim, Dong Ki   Oh, Kook-Hwan   Joo, Kwon Wook   Kim, Yon Su   Lee, Hajeong  

    Background/Aims: The association between gestational estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and adverse pregnancy outcomes has not been fully investigated. Methods: This observational cohort study included pregnancy cases of singleton mothers whose serum creatinine levels were measured during pregnancy at two tertiary hospitals in Korea from 2000 to 2015. Those with identified substantial renal function impairment (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at baseline, during, or after pregnancy) were excluded. The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation was used for the eGFR calculation. We computed the time-averaged eGFR during gestation to determine representative values when there were multiple measurements. We studied the following three gestational complications: preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestational age), low birth weight (<2.5 kg), and preeclampsia. Results: Among the 12,899 studied pregnancies, 4,360 cases experienced one or more gestational complications. The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval of composite gestational complications for eGFR ranges other than the reference range of 120-150 mL/ min/1.73m(2)were: 50 mL/min/1.73m(2), aOR 1.64 (1.38-1.95), P<0.001; 90-120 mL/min/1.73m(2), aOR 1.41 (1.28-1.56), P<0.001; and 60-90 mL/min/1.73m(2), aOR 2.56 (1.70-3.84), P<0.001. Incidence of preterm birth or low birth weight showed similar U-shaped association with eGFR values; otherwise, preeclampsia or small for gestational age occurred more often in mothers with a lower gestational eGFR than in those with a higher value. Conclusion: Considering the unique association between gestational eGFR and pregnancy outcomes, carefully interpreting these results may help predict obstetric complications. (C) 2018 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel
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  • Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor attenuates kidney injury in rat remnant kidney

    Joo, Kwon Wook   Kim, Sejoong   Ahn, Shin-young   Chin, Ho Jun   Chae, Dong-Wan   Lee, Jeonghwan   Han, Jin Suk   Na, Ki Young  

    Background: The inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV shows protective effects on tissue injury of the heart, lung, and kidney. Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcriptional factors regulate cellular differentiation, growth, survival, the cell cycle, metabolism, and oxidative stress. The aims of this study were to investigate whether the DPP IV inhibitor sitagliptin could attenuate kidney injury and to evaluate the status of FoxO3a signaling in the rat remnant kidney model. Methods: Rats were received two-step surgery of 5/6 renal mass reduction and fed on an oral dose of 200 mg/kg/day sitagliptin for 8 weeks. Before and after the administration of sitagliptin, physiologic parameters were measured. After 8 weeks of treatment, the kidneys were harvested. Results: The sitagliptin treatment attenuated renal dysfunction. A histological evaluation revealed that glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial injury were significantly decreased by sitagliptin. Sitagliptin decreased DPP IV activity and increased the renal expression of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R). The subtotal nephrectomy led to the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt and FoxO3a phosphorylation, whereas sitagliptin treatment reversed these changes, resulting in PI3K-Akt pathway inactivation and FoxO3a dephosphorylation. The renal expression of catalase was increased and the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was decreased by sitagliptin. Sitagliptin treatment reduced apoptosis by decreasing cleaved caspase-3 and -9 and Bax levels and decreased macrophage infiltration. Conclusions: In rat remnant kidneys, DPP IV inhibitor attenuated renal dysfunction and structural damage. A reduction of apoptosis, inflammation and an increase of antioxidant could be suggested as a renoprotective mechanism together with the activation of FoxO3a signaling. Therefore, DPP IV inhibitors might provide a promising approach for treating CKD, but their application in clinical practice remains to be investigated.
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  • Systolic and diastolic dysfunction affects kidney outcomes in hospitalized patients.

    Choi, Jae Shin   Baek, Seon Ha   Chin, Ho Jun   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong-Wan   Kim, Yon Su   Kim, Sejoong   Han, Seung Seok  

    BACKGROUNDS: Knowledge on cross-talk between the heart and kidney has been established by basic and clinical research. Nevertheless, the effects of systolic and diastolic heart dysfunctions on the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remain unresolved in hospitalized patients.; METHODS: A total of 1327 hospitalized patients who had baseline transthoracic echocardiography performed were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were categorized by the quartiles of ejection fraction (EF) and the ratio of the early transmitral blood flow velocity to early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (E/e'). The odds ratios (ORs) for AKI and the hazard ratios (HRs) for ESRD were calculated after adjustment of multiple covariates.; RESULTS: During hospital admission, AKI occurred in 210 (15.8%) patients. The lowest quartile of EF was associated with a risk of AKI (OR, 1.60 [1.07-2.41]) and the highest quartile of E/e' was associated with a risk of AKI (OR, 1.90 [1.26-2.41]). When two echocardiographic parameters were combined, patients with a low EF (first to second quartiles) and high E/e' (fourth quartile) showed the highest OR for AKI (OR, 2.27 [1.49-3.45]) compared with the counterpart patients. When the risk of ESRD was evaluated, E/e', but not EF, was a significant parameter of high risk (fourth vs. first quartiles: HR, 4.13 [1.17-14.64]).; CONCLUSIONS: Baseline systolic and diastolic dysfunction is related to subsequent risks of AKI and ESRD in hospitalized patients. Monitoring of these parameters may be a useful strategy to predict the risk of these adverse events in the kidney.=20
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  • Glycated haemoglobin and the incidence of end-stage renal disease in diabetics

    Oh, Se Won   Kim, Yong Chul   Koo, Ho Seok   Jin, Dong Chan   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong Wan   Kim, Suhnggwon   Chin, Ho Jun  

    Background. The relationship between glycated haemoglobin and the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with diabetes remains uncertain, especially in those with decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The aim of this study was to assess the appropriate HbA(1c) level for diabetics for minimizing the incidence of ESRD and all-cause mortality. Methods. A cohort of patients aged 25 years or older who had been treated for diabetes was generated from the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital database using diagnosis code and prescribed medication during 2004. The 4474 patients were classified into three groups according to the baseline HbA(1c) in 2004 (HbA(1c) < 6.50%, 6.50-7.49% and >= 7.50%; termed groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively). The outcomes were extracted from the database of Statistics Korea for mortality and registry in the Korean Society of Nephrology for ESRD incidence. Results. Ninety patients developed ESRD during 5.29 +/- 1.22 years of mean follow-up period. Group 1 patients showed the lowest incidence of ESRD (P = 0.003). Compared with this group, the adjusted hazard ratio of ESRD was 2.915 and 4.219 in groups 2 and 3, respectively. The incidence of ESRD increased in patients with HbA(1c) = 6.50% compared with the patients with HbA(1c) < 6.50%, regardless of GFR. However, HbA(1c) < 6.50% showed no benefit on ESRD development in patients older than 80 years and in patients with diabetic duration > 10 years. All-cause mortality was not associated with the level of HbA(1c). Conclusions. HbA(1c) > 6.50% was associated with reduced development of ESRD in all patients and later stages of chronic kidney disease.
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  • Increased Plasma Osmolar Gap Is Predictive of Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury

    Kim, Sejoong   Sung, Jiyoon   Kang, Woong Chul   Ahn, Shin Young   Kim, Dong Ki   Chin, Ho Jun   Na, Ki Young   Joo, Kwon Wook   Chae, Dong-Wan  

    Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) is a common complication after percutaneous coronary artery intervention (PCI). It is urgent to find a novel, easily measurable and accurate predictor for the early detection of CIAKI. Hyperosmolarity and large amounts of contrast media are risk factors for CIAKI. However, there is no study on plasma osmolar gap as a predictor of CIAKI. We enrolled 89 patients undergoing elective PCI and tested changes of serum sodium, osmolar gap, and renal function at 0, 6, 12 and 24 hours. Plasma osmolar gap was calculated using the following formula: measured plasma osmolarity - [2(Na) + serum urea nitrogen/2.8 + glucose/18]. CIAKI was defined as follows: increase in serum creatinine of >= 50%, increase in serum creatinine of >= 0.3 mg/dL, or decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate of >= 25% within 24 hours after PCI. The incidence of CIAKI was 13.5% (12/89 patients). The CIAKI group had higher plasma osmolar gaps 6 hours after PCI. The adjusted hazard ratio of the plasma osmolar gap from hour 6 (1-mOsm/L increments) to the development of CIAKI was 1.12 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.26; P = 0.041). Sensitivity and specificity of 7 mOsm/L or higher plasma osmolar gap at hour 6 were 70.0% and 76.6%, respectively (area under the ROC curve = 0.77 [95% Cl, 0.65-0.89]). Increased plasma osmolar gap may precede the development of CIAKI in patients undergoing PCI. In conclusion, plasma osnnolar gap may be a useful predictor for the development of CIAKI.
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  • Glomerular Hypertrophy Is a Risk Factor for Relapse in Minimal Change Disease Patients

    Lee, Sung Woo   Yu, Mi-Yeon   Baek, Seon Ha   Ahn, Shin Young   Kim, Sejoong   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong-Wan  

    Background/Aims: Patients with minimal change disease (MCD) have a high relapse rate, which results in many complications. Identifying the risk factors for relapse is crucial, but little is known about these factors. Therefore, we performed the current study to determine the factors related to relapse in this patient population. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 51 adult patients with biopsy-proven primary MCD treated between 2003 and 2013. The demographic, physiologic, laboratory and therapeutic data were gathered from the electronic medical records database. Lesions of the glomerulus, tubulointerstitium and vasculature were analyzed for associations with relapse. Results: During a median 50.9 months, 96.1% (49 of 51) of patients had achieved complete remission, and the rest ultimately achieved at least partial remission. A total of 56.9% (29 of 51) patients experienced at least 1 episode of relapse after the first remission. Patients with relapse had a higher rate of glomerular hypertrophy (GH; 34.5%) than those without relapse (9.1%; p < 0.05). After adjusting for confounders, GH was associated with increased odds of relapse (OR 15.992; 95% CI 1.537-166.362; p =3D 0.02). In a subgroup analysis according to median age, sex and tubulointerstitial (TI) lesions, the association between GH and relapse was evident only in men and in the group with TI lesions. Conclusion: GH is associated with relapse in adult patients with MCD, particularly in men and in those with TI lesions. Frequent monitoring and early intervention are needed in these groups. Future large prospective cohort studies are needed to confirm the study results. (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel
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  • Urea promotes TonEBP expression and cellular adaptation in extreme hypertonicity

    Kwon, Min Seong   Na, Ki Young   Moeckel, Gilbert   Do Lee, Sang   Kwon, H. Moo  

    The transcriptional activator TonEBP is a central regulator of osmolality in the renal medulla and whole body water homeostasis. In order to understand the regulation of TonEBP in the renal medulla, we examined MDCK cells, a kidney-derived epithelial cell line, under conditions mimicking the renal medulla. Moderate changes in ambient tonicity, which was tolerated without prior adaptation, displayed lasting effects on TonEBP in bidirectional manner-stimulated by hypertonicity and inhibited by hypotonicity. TonEBP expression was further enhanced by extreme hypertonicity observed in the inner medullae of antidiuretic animals. Urea stimulated TonEBP expression and promoted cellular proliferation under the conditions of extreme hypertonicity. On the other hand, the TonEBP activity was negatively modulated under these conditions presumably to temper the highly abundant TonEBP. We conclude that urea is critical to the cellular adaptation to extreme hypertonicity and the high level of TonEBP expression in the inner medulla.
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  • Effects of Sodium Citrate on Salt Sensitivity and Kidney Injury in Chronic Renal Failure

    Kim, Sejoong   Yang, Jin Young   Jung, Eun Sook   Lee, Jeonghwan   Heo, Nam Ju   Lee, Jae Wook   Na, Ki Young   Han, Jin Suk  

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  • Effects of sodium citrate on salt sensitivity and kidney injury in chronic renal failure.

    Kim, Sejoong   Yang, Jin Young   Jung, Eun Sook   Lee, Jeonghwan   Heo, Nam Ju   Lee, Jae Wook   Na, Ki Young   Han, Jin Suk  

    Metabolic acidosis, which is observed in salt-sensitive hypertension, is also associated with kidney injury. Alkali therapy in chronic renal failure (CRF) may ameliorate the progression of kidney disease; however, few studies have examined the effects of alkali therapy on salt sensitivity and kidney injury in CRF. We randomly administered standard diet (SD), sodium chloride with 20% casein diet (NACL), or sodium citrate with 20% casein diet (NACT) to Sprague-Dawley rats after a CRF or a sham operation. Four weeks after 5/6 nephrectomy, serum bicarbonate levels were higher in the NACT-treated group. On the pressure-natriuresis curve, NACT-treated CRF rats were more salt-resistant than NACL-treated CRF rats. Additionally, the NACT-treated CRF group showed less tubulointerstitial damage than the NACL-treated CRF group. The expression and immunoreactivity of NHE3 in the kidney in the NACT-treated CRF group were lower than those in the NACL-treated CRF group. We observed that dietary NACT as alkali therapy in CRF might improve the altered salt-sensitivity and ameliorate the progression of kidney injury compared to the NACL diet, which may be related to reduced renal NHE3 expression. =20
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  • Outcomes of predialysis nephrology care in elderly patients beginning to undergo dialysis.

    Baek, Seon Ha   Ahn, Shin young   Lee, Sung Woo   Park, Youn Su   Kim, Sejoong   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong-Wan   Kim, Suhnggwon   Chin, Ho Jun  

    BACKGROUND: The proportion of elderly patients beginning to undergo dialysis is increasing globally. Whether early referral (ER) of elderly patients is associated with favorable outcomes remains under debate. We investigated the influence of referral timing on the mortality of elderly patients.; METHODS: We retrospectively assessed mortality in 820 patients aged =E2=89=A570 years with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who initiated hemodialysis at a tertiary university hospital between 2000 and 2010. Mortality data was obtained from the time of dialysis initiation until December 2010. We assigned patients to one of two groups according to the time of their first encounters with nephrologists: ER (=E2=89=A5 3 months) and late referral (LR; < 3 months).; RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 25.1 months, the ER group showed a 24% reduced risk of long-term mortality relative to the LR group (HR =3D 0.760, P =3D 0.009). Rate of reduction in 90-day mortality for ER patients was 58% (HR =3D 0.422, P=3D0.012). However, the statistical significance of the difference in mortality rates between ER and LR group was not observed across age groups after 90 days. Old age, LR, central venous catheter, high white blood cell count and corrected Ca level, and lower levels of albumin, creatinine, hemoglobin, and sodium were significantly associated with increased risk of mortality.; CONCLUSIONS: Timely referral was also associated with reduced mortality in elderly ESRD patients who initiated hemodialysis. In particular, the initial 90-day mortality reduction in ER patients contributed to mortality differences during the follow-up period.=20
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  • Lean Mass Index: A Better Predictor of Mortality than Body Mass Index in Elderly Asians

    Han, Seung Seok   Kim, Ki Woong   Kim, Kwang-Il   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong-Wan   Kim, Suhnggwon   Chin, Ho Jun  

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body composition, and all-cause mortality in an elderly Asian population. DESIGN: A prospective observational cohort study with 3.5-year follow-up. SETTING: The Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging Project for elderly residents in Seongnam City, Korea. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred seventy-seven subjects aged 65 and older for whom baseline body composition data was available. MEASUREMENTS: BMI, waist circumference, and body composition of each subject was evaluated. Body composition was examined using bioelectrical impedance analyses of measures, including lean mass (kg), fat mass (kg), and fat proportion (%). In addition, lean mass index (LMI, kg/m(2)) was calculated by dividing lean mass by the square of height. Participants were divided into three groups: Group 1 (< 25th percentile), Group 2 (25-75th percentiles), and Group 3 (>= 75th percentile) for BMI, waist circumference, body composition, and LMI. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted Cox proportional hazard model, BMI, waist circumference, and fat composition were not correlated with mortality, but higher lean mass and LMI were considered predictors of lower mortality when comparing Group 3 and Group 1 (in lean mass, relative risk reduction of 84%, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 45-96%, P = .004; in LMI, relative risk reduction of 69%, 95% CI = 12-89%, P = .03). CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that the recommendation of low BMI as a means of obtaining a survival advantage in the elderly is not supported. Instead, higher lean mass and higher LMI are associated with better survival in the elderly Asian population. J Am Geriatr Soc 58:312-317, 2010.
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  • Changes in the Sodium and Potassium Transporters in the Course of Chronic Renal Failure

    Kim, Sejoong   Heo, Nam Ju   Jung, Ji Yong   Son, Min-Jeong   Jang, Hye Ryoun   Lee, Jay Wook   Oh, Yun Kyu   Na, Ki Young   Joo, Kwon Wook   Han, Jin Suk  

    Background: In chronic renal failure (CRF), residual nephrons can increase their excretion of sodium (Na) and potassium (K). However, the mechanisms of renal Na and K regulation in late-stage CRF have not been clearly investigated. Methods: We examined altered expression of major renal Na and K transporters in Sprague-Dawley rats at 4 and 12 weeks after a 5/6 nephrectomy. Results: CRF rats were azotemic and had gradually increased levels of urinary Na and K excretion over time. At 4 weeks, the abundance of Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2), and Na-Cl cotransporter (NCC) in CRF rats increased significantly (477 and 222% of the control, respectively). In contrast, expression of NKCC2 and NCC decreased markedly at 12 weeks (55.4 and 30.8%, respectively). Expression of epithelial Na channel-alpha increased throughout the whole period. The abundance of renal outer medullary K-channel (ROMK) and Na-K-ATPase did not decrease at 4 weeks, but it was reduced at 12 weeks. Conclusion: We suggest that increased urinary Na excretion in late-stage CRF may be associated with decreased expression of renal Na transporters except ENaC compared to early-stage CRF, and that increased urinary K excretion in the late stage of CRF may not be related to expression of ROMK. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
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  • Clinical implications of pathologic diagnosis and classification for diabetic nephropathy.

    Oh, Se Won   Kim, Sejoong   Na, Ki Young   Chae, Dong-Wan   Kim, Suhnggwon   Jin, Dong Chan   Chin, Ho Jun  

    AIM: The usefulness of renal pathologic diagnosis in type II DM (diabetes mellitus) remains debate.; METHODS: We grouped the pathologic diagnoses as pure DN (diabetic nephropathy), NDRD (non-diabetic renal disease), and NDRD mixed with DN (Mixed). We classified pure DN as the criteria suggested by Tervaert. We compared the accuracy of clinical parameters to predict DN and usefulness of pathology to predict renal prognosis.; RESULTS: Among 126 enrolled patients, there were 50 pure DN, 65 NDRN, and 11 Mixed. The sensitivity and specificity for predicting DN with the presence of retinopathy were 77.8-73.6% and, with a cut-off value of 7.5 years of diabetic duration, the sensitivity and specificity were 64.5-67.2%. ESRD (end stage renal disease) occurred in 44.0% of DN, 18.2% of Mixed, and 12.3% of NDRD (p<0.001). Among pure DN, Class IV showed the lowest estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We estimated the 5-year renal survival rate as 100.0% in Classes I and IIa, 75.0% in Class IIb, 66.7% in Class III, and 38.1% in Class IV (p=0.002).; CONCLUSIONS: Nephropathy of type II DM was diverse and could not be completely predicted by clinical parameters. The renal pathologic diagnosis was a good predictor for renal prognosis in type II DM. Copyright 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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