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Now showing items 1 - 3 of 3

  • Trait evaluation and trial cultivation of Dongfang No. 2, the hybrid of a male gametophyte clone of Laminaria longissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) and a female one of L-japonica

    Li, Xiaojie   Cong, Yizhou   Yang, Guanpin   Shi, Yuanyuan   Qu, Shancun   Li, Zhiling   Wang, Guowen   Zhang, Zhuangzhi   Luo, Shiju   Dai, Hongliang   Xie, Jianzu   Jiang, Guangliang   Liu, Jialiang   Wang, Tongyong  

    Direct cultivation of the first filial generation of gametophyte clones from different Laminaria species is a highly effective way of utilizing kelp heterozygous vigor (heterosis). A male gametophyte clone of L. longissima Miyabe and a female one of L. japonica Areschoug were hybridized, generating Dongfang No. 2 hybrid kelp. This hybrid kelp was used directly in trial cultivation, and its agronomical traits were evaluated. L. longissima and L. japonica are obviously different and complement each other in their morphological characteristics and ecological performances. The hybrid of their gametophyte clones, Dongfang No. 2, showed 56.8% heterozygous vigor in yield. It also showed increased yields of 41.0 and 76.4% compared to the widely used commercial kelps Variety 1 and Variety 2, respectively. In large-scale cultivation trials at different locations and in different years, Dongfang No. 2 attained significantly higher yields than Varieties 1 and 2, increasing yield by 26.4% on average over Variety 1 and by 65.0% over the other. Dongfang No. 2 has a robust holdfast and a wide, long and deep-brown uniform blade, which shows a distinct middle groove. In addition to yield, Dongfang No. 2 also demonstrates obvious heterozygous vigor in other agronomic traits. It is resistant to strong irradiance, as the two commercial varieties are, has an appropriate vegetative maturation time, and adapts well to a range of different culture conditions. The parentage analysis using AFLP of total DNA and SNP of the ITS region of ribosomal RNA transcription unit showed that Dongfang No. 2 is the real hybrid of L. japonica and L. longissima.
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  • Breeding of an intraspecific kelp hybrid Dongfang no. 6 (Saccharina japonica,Phaeophyceae,Laminariales) for suitable processing products and evaluation of its culture performance

    Li, Xiaojie   Zhang, Zhuangzhi   Qu, Shancun   Liang, Guangjin   Zhao, Nan   Sun, Juan   Song, Shaofeng   Cao, Zengmei   Li, Xia   Pan, Jinhua   Luo, Shiju   Zhang, Linan   Cui, Cuiju   Peng, Jie   Li, Yan   Wu, Ruina   Zhao, Juping   Qian, Rui   Wang, Liqin   Sai, Shan   Yang, Guanpin  

    Dongfang no. 6, an intraspecific hybrid of kelp (Saccharina japonica) which was high in yield and had a high stress tolerance and was suitable for processing, was bred by crossing scientifically selected parental gametophyte clones. The sporophyte of the hybrid was raised by crossing a female gametophyte clone isolated from a Korean ecotype of S. japonica (Korean kelp) with a male gametophyte clone isolated from Lianza no. 1, a variety of S. japonica bred through continuous selection. The culture performance, stress tolerance, and suitability for processing of the hybrid and two commercial controls were compared for a period lasting 5 years (2009-2013). It was found that the hybrid was fast in growth, tolerant to high seawater temperature, resistant to strong solar irradiation, late in maturing time, and high in processed product yield. The percentage of salting processed product of the hybrid was 17.5 and 15.4 % higher than those of control 1 and 2, respectively. The yield of salting processed product of the hybrid increased by 24.2 and 38.8 % over control 1 and 2, respectively. The yield of air drying processed product of the hybrid increased by 109.4 and 88.1 % over control 1 and 2, respectively. The breeding of Dongfang no. 6 demonstrated that crossing gametophyte clones in combination with selecting desirable hybrids are highly effective for breeding kelp hybrids with high-culture performance and suitability for processing.
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  • Determination of genetic diversity among Saccharina germplasm using ISSR and RAPD markers

    Cui, Cuiju   Li, Yan   Liu, Yanling   Li, Xiaojie   Luo, Shiju   Zhang, Zhuangzhi   Wu, Ruina   Liang, Guangjin   Sun, Juan   Peng, Jie   Tian, Pingping  

    Various species of genus Saccharina are economically important brown macroalgae cultivated in China. The genetic background of the conserved Saccharina germplasm was not clear. In this report, DNA-based molecular markers such as inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) were used to assess the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among 48 Saccharina germplasms. A total of 50 ISSR and 50 RAPD primers were tested, of which only 33 polymorphic primers (17 ISSR and 16 RAPD) had an amplified clear and reproducible profile, and could be used. Seventeen ISSR primers yielded a total of 262 bands, of which 256 were polymorphic, and 15.06 polymorphic bands per primer were amplified from 48 kelp gametophytes. Sixteen RAPD primers produced 355 bands, of which 352 were polymorphic, and 22 polymorphic bands per primer were observed across 48 individuals. The simple matching coefficient of ISSR, RAPD and pooled ISSR and RAPD dendrograms ranged from 0.568 to 0.885, 0.670 to 0.873, and 0.667 to 0.862, revealing high genetic diversity. Based on the unweighted pair group method with the arithmetic averaging algorithm (UPGMA) cluster analysis and the principal components analysis (PCA) of ISSR data, the 48 gametophytes were divided into three main groups. The Mantel test revealed a similar polymorphism distribution pattern between ISSR and RAPD markers, the correlation coefficient r was 0.62, and the results indicated that both ISSR and RAPD markers were effective to assess the selected gametophytes, while matrix correlation of the ISSR marker system (r =3D 0.78) was better than that of the RAPD marker system (r =3D 0.64). Genetic analysis data from this study were helpful in understanding the genetic relationships among the selected 17 kelp varieties (or lines) and provided guidance for molecular-assisted selection for parental gametophytes of hybrid kelp breeding. (C) 2016 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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