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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 57

  • Detection of Helminthosporium Leaf Blotch Disease Based on UAV Imagery

    Huang, Huasheng   Deng, Jizhong   Lan, Yubin   Yang, Aqing   Zhang, Lei   Wen, Sheng   Zhang, Huihui   Zhang, Yali   Deng, Yusen  

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  • Design of Plant Protection UAV Variable Spray System Based on Neural Networks

    Wen, Sheng   Zhang, Quanyong   Yin, Xuanchun   Lan, Yubin   Zhang, Jiantao   Ge, Yufeng  

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    An anti-fall and anti-drift unmanned aerial vehicle comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle body (1). At least one rotor (10) is disposed on the unmanned aerial vehicle body (1). Wings (3) are respectively disposed on the left side and the right side of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (1). An air bag (2) is disposed each wing (3) respectively. Protrusions (21) protruding downwards are disposed at the bottoms of the air bags (2). The two air bags (2) are located at the positions at the same height. The two air bags (2) are symmetrically disposed on the basis of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (1). Gas lighter than air is injected into the air bags (2). The air bags (2) are respectively disposed on the two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (1), and therefore when the aerial vehicle lands, the air bags (2) can serve as an undercarriage. The beneficial effects that buffering is achieved and damage to the unmanned aerial vehicle body (1) is reduced can be achieved when the aerial vehicle falls and is exploded and falls to the ground. If the aerial vehicle falls to fields or water surfaces by accident, the aerial vehicle can float on the water surfaces under the action of the air bags (2), damage caused when the aerial vehicle sinks into water is avoided, and the safety performance of the aerial vehicle is improved. In addition, the protrusions (21) protruding downwards are disposed at the bottoms of the air bags (2), and therefore when the spraying work is conducted, the protrusions (21) can block side wind to reduce drifting of mist drops, and the utilization efficiency of the mist drops is improved.
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  • Vertical distribution and vortex structure of rotor wind field under the influence of rice canopy

    Li, Jiyu   Shi, Yeyin   Lan, Yubin   Guo, Shuang  

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  • Applications and Prospects of Agricultural Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Obstacle Avoidance Technology in China

    Wang, Linlin   Lan, Yubin   Zhang, Yali   Zhang, Huihui   Tahir, Muhammad Naveed   Ou, Shichao   Liu, Xiaotao   Chen, Pengchao  

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  • Design and Experiment of a Variable Spray System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Based on PID and PWM Control

    Wen, Sheng   Zhang, Quanyong   Deng, Jizhong   Lan, Yubin   Yin, Xuanchun   Shan, Jian  

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  • Thermal properties of tapioca starch

    Lan, Yubin   Fang, Qi   Kocher, M. F.   Hanna, M. A.  

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  • Automatic delivery and recovery system of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) nodes based on UAV for agricultural applications

    Ouyang, Fan   Cheng, Hui   Lan, Yubin   Zhang, Yali   Yin, Xuanchun   Hu, Jie   Peng, Xiaodong   Wang, Guobin   Chen, Shengde  

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  • Comparison of Spray Deposition, Control Efficacy on Wheat Aphids and Working Efficiency in the Wheat Field of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle with Boom Sprayer and Two Conventional Knapsack Sprayers

    Wang, Guobin   Lan, Yubin   Yuan, Huizhu   Qi, Haixia   Chen, Pengchao   Ouyang, Fan   Han, Yuxing  

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  • Harvest aids efficacy applied by unmanned aerial vehicles on cotton crop

    Meng, Yanhua   Song, Jianli   Lan, Yubin   Mei, Guiying   Liang, Zijing   Han, Yuxing  

    Chemical harvest aids applied by ground-based machines with heavy wheels and high-volume spraying in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fields to defoliate leaves and ripen bolls before harvest threaten soil health and result in cotton yield loss. For example, ground-based machines roll over cotton plants at corners and pull the cotton branches between rows, resulting in yield loss. Furthermore, heavy wheels can cause soil compaction, resulting in decreased soil biodiversity. High-volume spraying often results in harvest aids polluting the soil. A new harvest-aid application method that can save water, increase harvest-aid utilization rate without damage to soils and crops is needed to apply chemical harvest aids before harvest. Small plant protection unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with low-volume spraying methods have emerged as pesticide application technologies in recent years in China due to their high efficiency, high flexibility, low labor requirements, water savings and lack of damage to crops and soils. Here, UAVs are developed for chemical harvest-aid application by evaluating the cotton defoliation efficacy, boll opening rate, lint cotton yield and fiber quality components at two cotton field experimental sites in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China in 2016 and 2017. Ground-based machine treatment is used as a reference. The assessment is proceeded with the following steps: (1) The spray volume of UAV is optimized in 2016; (2) The experiment of 2016 is repeated to determine the optimal spray volume in 2017. The results show the following: (1) The harvest-aid performance is sensitive to the spray volume in the UAV low-volume spraying treatment, and optimal defoliation efficacy is achieved when the spray volume is 22.5 L/ha and flight velocity is 4 m/s, according to the field tests in 2016 and 2017. (2) Low-volume spraying using UAV has no negative influence on the lint cotton yield and fiber quality components. In conclusion, it is feasible to use plant protection UAV for cotton harvest-aid applications in preparation for machine harvesting.
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  • Fabrication of starch-based microparticles by an emulsification-crosslinking method

    Li, Bing-Zheng   Wang, Li-Jun   Bhandari, Bhesh   Lan, Yubin   Chen, Xiao Dong   Mao, Zhi-Huai  

    In this study, starch-based microparticles (MPs) fabricated by a water-in-water (w/w) emulsification-crosslinking method could be used as a controlled release delivery vehicle for food bioactives. Due to the processing route without the use of toxic organic solvents, it is expected that these microparticles can be used as delivery vehicles for controlled release of food bioactives. Octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) starch was used as raw material. Optical microscopy showed OSA starch-based microparticles (OSA-MPs) had a good dispersibility. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed OSA-MPs had a solid structure and spherical shape. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns revealed that OSA-MPs were of amorphous structure. A Plackett-Burman screening design methodology was employed to evaluate the effects of the process and formulation parameters on the particle size of OSA-MPs. Considering the statistical analysis of the results, it appeared that the OSA starch concentration (P = 0.0146), poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) molecular weight (P = 0.0155), volume ratio of dispersed phase/continuous phase (P = 0.0204) and PEG concentration (P = 0.0230) had significant effect on particle size. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Effect of Aviation Spray Adjuvants on Defoliant Droplet Deposition and Cotton Defoliation Efficacy Sprayed by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Xiao, Qinggang   Xin, Fang   Lou, Zhaoxia   Zhou, Tingting   Wang, Guobin   Han, Xiaoqiang   Lan, Yubin   Fu, Wei  

    Defoliant spraying is an important aspect of mechanized cotton harvesting. Fully and uniformly spraying defoliant could improve the quality of defoliation and reduce the impurity content in cotton. Improving the coverage of defoliant droplets in the middle and lower layers of cotton and ensuring the full and even dispersion of droplets in the cotton canopy are essentially in increasing the defoliation effect. In this study, we assessed the effect of aviation spray adjuvants on droplet deposition, defoliation, boll opening and defoliant retention in cotton leaves sprayed by an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The results showed that adding aviation spray adjuvants could significantly improve the defoliant droplet deposition. Fifteen days after spraying, the defoliation rate was 80.31% and the boll opening was 90.61%. The defoliation rate increased by 3.12-34.62% and the boll opening rate increased by 6.67-29.56% after the addition of aviation spray adjuvants. Using a vegetable oil adjuvant could significantly increase the droplet coverage rate and the retention of defoliants in cotton leaves.
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  • Droplet Deposition and Control of Planthoppers of Different Nozzles in Two-Stage Rice with a Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    Chen, Pengchao   Lan, Yubin   Huang, Xiaoyu   Qi, Haixia   Wang, Guobin   Wang, Juan   Wang, Linlin   Xiao, Hanxiang  

    Previous studies have confirmed that choosing nozzles that produce coarser droplets could reduce the risk of pesticide spray drift, but this conclusion is based on a large volume of application, and it is easy to ignore how this impacts the control effect. The difference from the conventional spray is that the carrier volume of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is very limited. Little was known about how to choose suitable nozzles with UAV's limited volume to ensure appropriate pest control. Droplet deposition with the addition of adjuvant and the LU110-010, LU110-015, and LU110-020 nozzles and control of planthoppers within nozzles treatments were studied by a quadrotor UAV in rice (Tillering and Flowering stages). Allura Red (10 g/L) was used as a tracer and Kromekote cards were used to collect droplet deposits. The results indicate that the density of the droplets covered by the LU110-01 nozzle is well above other treatments, while the differences in droplet deposition and coverage are not significant. The deposition and coverage were improved with the addition of adjuvant, especially in LU110-01 nozzles' treatment. The control effects of rice planthoppers treated by LU110-01 nozzle were 89.4% and 90.8% respectively, which were much higher than 67.6% and 58.5% of LU110-020 nozzle at 7 days in the Tillering and Flowering stage. The results suggest that selecting a nozzle with a small atomizing particle size for UAV could improve the control effect of planthoppers.
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  • Meteorological and flight altitude effects on deposition,penetration,and drift in pineapple aerial spraying

    Wang, Juan   Lan, Yubin   Wen, Sheng   Hewitt, Andrew John   Yao, Weixiang   Chen, Pengchao  

    It is difficult for the handheld/backpack or ground machinery to spray pineapple plant fields because the plant profile is relatively inaccessible. In this situation, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are a good choice for easy access and no physical damage to the crops. Aerial spray quality and optimum application parameter settings can be influenced by many factors such as UAV type, UAV operating parameters, meteorological conditions, crop growth period, and pest species. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different meteorological conditions and UAV operating height on the spray application in pineapple fields. There were five treatments involving three UAV operating heights. Mylar cards, water-sensitive papers, and airborne concentrations of spray were sampled at various locations from -10 to 50 m downwind of the edge of the sprayed blocks. The results indicated that as the wind speed increased, the swath location was displaced 2 to 4 m, the percent area coverage uniformity changed along with the spray penetration capacity, and the 90% of total measured drift distance varied from 3.7 to 46.5 m. The test results again proved that droplet size and wind speed were significant factors in spray transport and impacted the UAV spray quality.
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  • Study on Creep Properties of Japonica Cooked Rice and Its Relationship with Rice Chemical Compositions and Sensory Evaluation RID E-6186-2011

    Chang, Su-qiang   Li, Dong   Lan, Yubin   Ozkan, Necati   Shi, John   Chen, Xiao Dong   Mao, Zhi-huai  

    Creep properties of four varieties japonica cooked rice were tested using a dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA Q800). The creep curve was described by Burgers model. The creep process of japonica cooked rice mainly consisted of retarded elastic deformation, epsilon R and viscous flow deformation, epsilon V, and negligible instantaneous elastic deformation, epsilon E. The retarded elastic modulus, E(2), relaxation time, tau, and the viscosity coefficient, eta 1, of the cooked rice according to the Burger model were estimated through nonlinear regression. The effect of the chemical compositions on the rheological parameters based on creep behavior of cooked rice was assessed. Correlation analysis indicated that the retarded elastic modulus, E(2), had positive correlations with protein (r = 0.952, P = 0.048). The relaxation time, tau, had negative correlation with protein content (r = -0.909, P = 0.091). The viscosity coefficient, eta 1, was negatively correlated to amylose (r = -0.915, P = 0.085). The analysis between creep parameters and sensory evaluation showed that the viscosity coefficient, eta 1, positively correlated to stickiness and total evaluation of cooked rice. So it can be used to evaluate the eating quality of cooked rice.
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  • Vertical distribution and vortex structure of rotor wind field under the influence of rice canopy

    Li, Jiyu   Shi, Yeyin   Lan, Yubin   Guo, Shuang  

    Rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for plant protection has been widely applied in China in recent years. As a unique and crucial parameter of rotor UAV, the distribution shape and law of rotor wind field determine the spatial distribution of spraying droplets and influence the outcome of low-altitude pesticide spraying. However, the exploration of the interaction between rice canopy and wind field as well as the vertical decay mechanism is still an uncharted field in the study of three-dimensional wind field. In this paper, the author acquired vertical wind speed through S pitot sensor array, wind speed sensors were installed to acquire vertical wind speed data in the canopy, 30 cm beneath the canopy and 60 cm beneath the canopy. Contour maps at three height levels with wind speed of equal difference were drawn to calculate the equivalent area (the area surrounded by the contour line and the upper boundary) and maximum wind field width, all of which are direct parameters represent the distribution pattern of different wind speeds at equal time span. Under the condition that rice plants are well-distributed with consistent density, as the height decays arithmetically, coefficient variance (CV) of equivalent area is no more than 5% with basically equal reduction in equivalent area, the vertical wind field formed by the decayed airflow as it travels through rice plants distributes hierarchically. The decay rate of equivalent area and wind speed follow linear relation. When the height reduces from Ptop to Pmedium, the decay rate monotonically changes from 47.9% to 8.4%. When the height reduces from Pmedium to Pbottom, the decay rate monotonically changes from 53.7% to 22.4%. The lower the height is, the greater the decay rate is. Having analyzed the abnormal data ranges, the author found that the vortex formed under the interaction of wind field and rice canopy is the primary cause of abnormal data. Moreover, an ideal cone model was built on the basis of the rotor area and decay rate of equivalent area at equal height. The cone model not only justifies the vortex structure of rotor wind field but also provides theoretical foundation for the permeability study of droplets in rice canopy and the study of pollination parameters.
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