In this paper, we present a novel modulation technique for dual-polarization communication systems, which reduces the error rate compared with the existent schemes. This modulation places the symbols in a 3-D constellation, rather than the classic approach of 2-D. Adjusting the phase of these symbols depending on the information bits, we are able to increase the bit rate. Hence, the proposed scheme conveys information by selecting both polarization state and the phase of radiated electromagnetic wave. We also analyses the performance of the 3-D polarized modulation (PMod) for different constellation sizes and we obtain a curve of rate adaptation. Finally, we compare the proposed 34) PMod with the other existing schemes, such as single polarization phase shift keying and double polarization vertical Bell Laboratories layer space-time, both carrying the same number of information bits. The results show that the 3-D PMod always outperforms all other schemes, except for low-order modulation. Therefore, we can conclude that the 3-D PMod is an excellent candidate for medium- and highmodulation-order transmissions.
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