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Downsizing and Silicon Integration of Photoacoustic Gas Cells

Author:
Gliere, A.  Barritault, P.  Berthelot, A.  Constancias, C.  Coutard, J. -G.  Desloges, B.  Duraffourg, L.  Fedeli, J. -M.  Garcia, M.  Lartigue, O.  Lhermet, H.  Marchant, A.  Rouxel, J.  Skubich, J.  Teulle, A.  Verdot, T.  Nicoletti, S.  


Journal:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THERMOPHYSICS


Issue Date:
2020


Abstract(summary):

Downsizing and compatibility with MEMS silicon foundries is an attractive path towards a large diffusion of photoacoustic trace gas sensors. As the photoacoustic signal scales inversely with the chamber volume, a trend to miniaturization has been followed by several teams. We review in this article the approach initiated several years ago in our laboratory. Three generations of components, namely a 40 mm(3) 3D-printed cell, a 3.7 mm(3) silicon cell, and a 2.3 mm(3) silicon cell with a built-in piezoresistive pressure sensor, have been designed. The models used take into account the viscous and thermal losses, which cannot be neglected for such small-sized resonators. The components have been fabricated either by additive manufacturing or microfabrication and characterized. Based on a compilation of experimental data, a similar sub-ppm limit of detection is demonstrated. All three versions of photoacoustic cells have their own domain of operation as each one has benefits and drawbacks, regarding fabrication, implementation, and ease of use.


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