Design of a European code of conduct for brain banking.
Handbook of clinical neurology
The BrainNet Europe consortium, which is a consortium of 19 European brain banks, took the initiative to draft a series of documents to provide an ethical framework for brain banks to follow. The framework includes an ethical code of conduct, a model for brain bank regulations, and a toolkit containing several documents. The sources for the information included came from the laws, regulations, and guidelines (declarations, conventions, recommendations, guidelines, and directives) that had been issued by international key organizations, such as the Council of Europe, European Commission, World Medical Association, and World Health Organization. The code of conduct addresses fundamental topics such as the rights of the persons donating their tissue, the obligations of the brain bank with regard to respect and observance of such rights, informed consent, confidentiality, protection of personal data, collections of human biologic material and their management, and transparency and accountability within the organization of a brain bank. The code of conduct was ratified by all European brain banks in 2009. This chapter describes the process of establishing the code of conduct within the BrainNet Europe consortium and elaborates on three key aspects of the code of conduct, namely informed consent, genetics, and financial aspects in brain banking. Copyright =C2=A9 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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