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Fundamentals of Trapped Ion Mobility Spectrometry Part II:Fluid Dynamics

Author:
Silveira, Joshua A.  Michelmann, Karsten  Ridgeway, Mark E.  Park, Melvin A.  


Journal:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY


Issue Date:
2016


Abstract(summary):

Trapped ion mobility spectrometry (TIMS) is a new high resolution (R up to similar to 300) separation technique that utilizes an electric field to hold ions stationary against a moving gas. Recently, an analytical model for TIMS was derived and, in part, experimentally verified. A central, but not yet fully explored, component of the model involves the fluid dynamics at work. The present study characterizes the fluid dynamics in TIMS using simulations and ion mobility experiments. Results indicate that subsonic laminar flow develops in the analyzer, with pressure-dependent gas velocities between similar to 120 and 170 m/s measured at the position of ion elution. One of the key philosophical questions addressed is: how can mobility be measured in a dynamic system wherein the gas is expanding and its velocity is changing? We noted previously that the analytically useful work is primarily done on ions as they traverse the electric field gradient plateau in the analyzer. In the present work, we show that the position-dependent change in gas velocity on the plateau is balanced by a change in pressure and temperature, ultimately resulting in near position-independent drag force. That the drag force, and related variables, are nearly constant allows for the use of relatively simple equations to describe TIMS behavior. Nonetheless, we derive a more comprehensive model, which accounts for the spatial dependence of the flow variables. Experimental resolving power trends were found to be in close agreement with the theoretical dependence of the drag force, thus validating another principal component of TIMS theory.


Page:
585---595


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