INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFRIGERATION-REVUE INTERNATIONALE DU FROID
Nucleate water pool boiling at high heat flux was investigated on the 25 mu m titanium and stainless-steel heaters at atmospheric pressure. A high-speed IR thermographic camera was applied to measure the rapidly changing transient temperature field, which served as input data for calculating the transient local heat flux distributions by solving a 3-dimensional (3-D) inverse heat conduction problem (IHCP). A phenomenon of hot spot was observed at the irregular active bubble site characterized by a longer waiting time and a higher activation temperature compared to a regular active nucleation site. The results show that the temperature of the hot spot can significantly exceed the temperature of the heater in its surroundings and remains present on the boiling surface even after the bubble departure. The calculations have shown a strong reduction of the local heat flux at the spot, which represented a potential for the beginning of the boiling crisis. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd and International Institute of Refrigeration. All rights reserved.
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