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Real-Time "Eye-Writing" Recognition Using Electrooculogram

Author:
Lee, Kwang-Ryeol  Chang, Won-Du  Kim, Sungkean  Im, Chang-Hwan  


Journal:
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING


Issue Date:
2017


Abstract(summary):

Eye movements can be used as alternative inputs for human-computer interface (HCI) systems such as virtual or augmented reality systems as well as new communication ways for patients with locked-in syndrome. In this study, we developed a real-time electrooculogram (EOG)-based eye-writing recognition system, with which users can write predefined symbolic patterns with their volitional eye movements. For the "eye-writing" recognition, the proposed system first reconstructs the eye-written traces from EOG waveforms in real-time; then, the system recognizes the intended symbolic inputs with a reliable recognition rate by matching the input traces with the trained eye-written traces of diverse input patterns. Experiments with 20 participants showed an average recognition rate of 87.38% (F1 score) for 29 different symbolic patterns (26 lower case alphabet characters and three functional input patterns representing Space, Backspace, and Enter keys), demonstrating the promise of our EOG-based eye-writing recognition system in practical scenarios.


Page:
37---48


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