Soil aquifer treatment (SAT) is a managed aquifer recharge system in which the quality of the feed water (stormwater or wastewater treatment plant effluent) is further improved during soil passage. This paper provides an overview of SAT systems for wastewater treatment and reuse, and summarises design, removal efficiencies and pre- and post-treatment options as well as cost aspects of SAT using infiltration basins. SAT is an environment-friendly and robust multi-contaminant removal system which is effective in removing pathogens, nitrogen, bulk organic matter and the majority of organic micropollutants. The contaminant removal efficiency of SAT system, however, depends on several factors including source water quality, local hydrogeological conditions and process conditions applied. The performance of SAT system can be further improved by proper site selection and appropriate design of its components including pre- and post-treatment. SAT serves as an environmental and psychological barrier for water reuse applications. It is equally attractive for developed as well as developing countries and flexible enough to allow adaptation to local requirements by combining it with conventional (above the ground) natural or engineered water and wastewater treatment technologies. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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