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Effect of solution pH on the surface morphology of sol-gel derived silica gel

Author:
Faustova, Zh. V.  Slizhov, Yu. G.  


Journal:
INORGANIC MATERIALS


Issue Date:
2017


Abstract(summary):

We have examined the effect of solution acidity on the textural characteristics of silica gels prepared by sol-gel synthesis using tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as a silica precursor and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a template. Using IR spectroscopy, we have studied micellar TEOS solutions and the synthesized silica gel samples. The results demonstrate that, in an alkaline medium in a water-ethanol solution, SiO2 experiences short-range ordering on the surface of micelles formed by CTAB molecules, whereas in an acid medium the process is not influenced by the presence of CTAB. Nitrogen porosimetry and electron microscopy data indicate that the silica gel obtained at pH 2 is microporous, with an average pore size of 2 nm. In an alkaline medium at pH 10, we obtained mesoporous SiO2 (18 nm) with a narrow pore size distribution and a specific surface area of 110 m(2)/g.


Page:
287---291


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