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Density functional theory study of adsorption of benzothiophene and naphthalene on silica gel

Author:
Junpei Fujiki  Eiji Furuya  


Journal:
Fuel


Issue Date:
2016


Abstract(summary):

Graphical abstract Highlights • The mechanisms of benzothiophene and naphthalene adsorption on silica surface were investigated. • The isolated and geminal silanols might interact with benzothiophene selectively. • The vicinal silanols might interact with naphthalene selectively. • Multilayer adsorption might occur for both adsorbates through T-shape interactions. Abstract The adsorptive removal of sulfur-containing compounds such as thiophene and dibenzothiophene derivatives from transportation fuels has received extensive attention because of the economical and environmental advantages of adsorptive removal compared to the hydrodesulfurization process. Metal-ion-exchanged zeolites have been known to exhibit high desulfurization performance. However, zeolites induce side reactions because of their strong acidity. Accordingly, silica-based adsorbents showing lower acidity have potential for the desulfurization adsorbent. In this study, to facilitate the development of efficient desulfurization adsorbents, the mechanisms of benzothiophene and naphthalene adsorption onto silica surface were investigated using density functional theory (DFT) in conjunction with experimental approaches. Both the computational and the experimental results suggested that the sites at which benzothiophene and naphthalene adsorb onto silica gel are different types of silanol groups. The adsorption sites of benzothiophene at the initial stage were vicinal-type and/or geminal-type silanols and the final adsorption sites were isolated-type silanols. In addition, the results of DFT calculations suggest that multilayer adsorption might occur. In contrast, the adsorption sites of naphthalene at the initial stage were vicinal-type silanols. Afterward, multilayer adsorption through a T-shape interaction might occur successively on the silica surface.


Page:
180-180


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