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Phantoms in Organizations

Author:
Mazzetti   M.  


Journal:
Transactional Analysis Journal


Issue Date:
2012


Abstract(summary):

Eric Berne used the term phantom to refer to the continuing presence of someone in the group imago after he or she has left the group (Berne, 1963/2005). This concept can be useful in consultancy work with organizations as a tool for managing employee terminations and/or other interruptions in collaboration. This article explains the concepts of the formal aims (either social or manifest) and real aims (either psychological or hidden) of organizations, factors that must be considered if organizational work is to have a positive outcome and if it is to avoid creating phantoms that damage effective functioning. The more the formal and real aims are the same, the less likely it is that phantoms will be created. If they diverge, there is a greater risk that destabilizing phantoms will appear. This article considers the role of organizational leaders in preventing or creating phantoms and some procedures for managing such phenomena.


Page:
199-208


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