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Color Difference Thresholds in Dentistry

Author:
Paravina, Rade D.   Ghinea, Razvan   Herrera, Luis J.   Bona, Alvaro D.   Igiel, Christopher   Linninger, Mercedes   Sakai, Maiko   Takahashi, Hidekazu   Tashkandi, Esam   Mar Perez, Maria del  


Journal:
Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry


Issue Date:
2015


Abstract(summary):

PurposeThe aim of this prospective multicenter study was to determine 50:50% perceptibility threshold (PT) and 50:50% acceptability threshold (AT) of dental ceramic under simulated clinical settings. Materials and MethodsThe spectral radiance of 63 monochromatic ceramic specimens was determined using a non-contact spectroradiometer. A total of 60 specimen pairs, divided into 3 sets of 20 specimen pairs (medium to light shades, medium to dark shades, and dark shades), were selected for psychophysical experiment. The coordinating center and seven research sites obtained the Institutional Review Board (IRB) approvals prior the beginning of the experiment. Each research site had 25 observers, divided into five groups of five observers: dentistsD, dental studentsS, dental auxiliariesA, dental techniciansT, and lay personsL. There were 35 observers per group (five observers per group at each site x7 sites), for a total of 175 observers. Visual color comparisons were performed using a viewing booth. Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) fuzzy approximation was used for fitting the data points. The 50:50% PT and 50:50% AT were determined in CIELAB and CIEDE2000. The t-test was used to evaluate the statistical significance in thresholds differences. ResultsThe CIELAB 50:50% PT was E-ab=1.2, whereas 50:50% AT was E-ab=2.7. Corresponding CIEDE2000 (E-00) values were 0.8 and 1.8, respectively. 50:50% PT by the observer group revealed differences among groups D, A, T, and L as compared with 50:50% PT for all observers. The 50:50% AT for all observers was statistically different than 50:50% AT in groups T and L. ConclusionA 50:50% perceptibility and ATs were significantly different. The same is true for differences between two color difference formulas E-00/E-ab. Observer groups and sites showed high level of statistical difference in all thresholds. Clinical SignificanceVisual color difference thresholds can serve as a quality control tool to guide the selection of esthetic dental materials, evaluate clinical performance, and interpret visual and instrumental findings in clinical dentistry, dental research, and subsequent standardization. The importance of quality control in dentistry is reinforced by increased esthetic demands of patients and dental professionals.


Page:
S1-S9


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