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Toxic effect of zinc nanoscale metal-organic frameworks on rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells in vitro

Author:
Ren, Fei   Yang, Baochun   Cai, Jing   Jiang, Yaodong   Xu, Jun   Wang, Shan  


Journal:
Journal of Hazardous Materials


Issue Date:
2014


Abstract(summary):

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) possess unique properties desirable for delivery of drugs and gaseous therapeutics, but their uncharacterized interactions with cells raise increasing concerns of their safety in such biomedical applications. We evaluated the adverse effects of zinc nanoscale MOFs on the cell morphology, cytoskeleton, cell viability and expression of neurotrophin signaling pathway-associated GAP-43 protein in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. At the concentration of 25 mu g/ml, zinc MOFs did not significantly affect morphology, viability and membrane integrity of the cells. But at higher concentrations (over 100 mu g/m1), MOFs exhibited a time- and concentration-dependent cytotoxicity, indicating their entry into the cells via eridocytosis where they release Zn2+ into the cytosol to cause increased intracellular concentration of Zn2+. We demonstrated that the toxicity of MOFs was associated with a disrupted cellular zinc homeostasis and down-regulation of GAP-43 protein, which might be the underlying mechanism for the improved differentiation in PC12 cells. These findings highlight the importance of cytotoxic evaluation of the MOFs before their biomedical application. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Page:
283-291


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