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Now showing items 1 - 14 of 14

  • Cerebral circulatory arrest detected by extracranial artery ultrasound

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Egea-Guerrero, J.J.  

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  • Answer to “Cerebral circulatory arrest detected by extracranial artery ultrasound”

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Egea-Guerrero, J.J.  

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  • A new percutaneous model of Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in rats

    Munoz-Sanchez, M. A.   Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Revuelto-Rey, J.   Moreno-Valladares, Manuel   Murillo-Cabezas, F.  

    Objective: Describe the results obtained with a new percutaneous, intracisternal model of Subarachnoid Haemorrhage (SAH) in Wistar rats by a single injection of non-heparinised, autologous blood. Methods: Once anaesthetized the rat was fixed prone in a stereotaxic frame. After identifying the projection of the occipital bone, the needle of the stereotaxic frame aspirated towards the foramen magnum until it punctured through the atlanto-occipital membrane and obtained cerebrospinal fluid. Autologous blood (100 mu l) was withdrawn from the tail and injected intracisternally. This procedure was repeated in the sham group, injecting 100 mu l of isotonic saline. On the fifth day post-intervention, the rats were anaesthetized and the brain was exposed. After a lethal injection of ketamine the brain was explanted and fixed in paraformaldehyde. Gross and microscopic inspection of the slices revealed the existence or non-existence of pathological findings. Results: A total of 26 rats were operated on (13 in the SAH group/13 in the sham group). The average time between obtaining the blood and the start of the intracisternal injection was 10 (+/- 1.2) s. The mortality rate was 16.12%. Intra- and extraparenchymal ischemic-haemorrhagic lesions were found in three animals (23.07%) - all from the SAH group - with ischemic neuronal cell injury detected in two of the three. Conclusions: The new murine model of SAH is easy to perform, with low mortality, minimally invasive, which makes it interesting for future studies on vasospasm-related delayed SAH complications. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Cerebral death is not a synonym of whole brain death

    Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Revuelto-Rey, J.   Gordillo-Escobar, E.  

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  • The evaluation of polyneuropathies

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Murillo-Cabezas, F.   Burns, T. M.   Mauermann, M. L.  

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  • Donation in Private Clinics as an Alternate Strategy to Increase the Pool of Donors

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Aldabó-Pallás, T.   Egea-Guerrero, J.J.   Martín-Villén, L.   Correa-Chamorro, E.   Gallego-Corpa, A.  

    Abstract In recent years, the donation process is being characterized by a decreased number of brain deaths and a logistical shift toward cardiac-death donation, both controlled and uncontrolled, in Spain. As we know, cardiac-death donors produce fewer usable organs than brain-death donors. Therefore, many of the Spanish transplant coordinators are working to find new strategies that bring efficiency to donor detection. Since 2012, at the Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Seville, we have been trying to obtain more donors with the use of a huge logistical and administrative effort of all the elements that make up the donation and transplantation teams, because we have sought to get organ donors in all private clinics in the city. The result of this effort has succeeded in increasing the donation rate in Seville to 3 donors and >6 usable organs per year. This paper also analyzes the characteristics of these donors, comparing our results with our community and the country. The conclusion of all this, we believe, encourages persevering in those efforts and endorses a strategy that could be applied in other parts of the world with good results in terms of transplanted organs.
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  • Objectives of hemodynamic resuscitation in severe head injuries. Another point of view

    Gascon-Castillo, M. L.   Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Revuelto-Rey, J.   Murillo-Cabezas, F.  

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  • Serologic Behavior of S100B Protein in Patients Who Are Brain Dead: Preliminary Results

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Gordillo-Escobar, E.   Rodriguez-Rodriguez, A.   Enamorado-Enamorado, J.   de Azua Lopez, Z. Ruiz   Aldabo-Pallas, T.   Leon-Justel, A.   Murillo-Cabezas, F.   Vilches-Arenas, A.  

    Objective. The objective of this study is to assess the S100B protein serum concentrations from brain dead (BD) donors to understand whether its level could provide clinical information during BD diagnosis as a potential confirmatory test.Methods. During 12 months, 26 patients declared BD were prospectively included in this study. Once the diagnosis of BD was achieved, serum S100B protein levels were measured using an electrochemiluminescence assay. For analytical purposes, we selected the maximum S100B serum value reached during the first 5 days of evolution from a historical cohort of 124 survived patients after a severe brain injury (SBI), as well as from 18 healthy donors (HD) and a subgroup of patients who had severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) without extracranial injuries.Results. Mean age was 53.48 years (SD, 18.91 years). The BD group had significantly higher S100B serum levels (1.44 mu g/L; interquartile ratio [IR], 0.63-3.68) than the SBI (0.34 mu g/L; IR, 0.21-0.60) and HD groups (0.06 mu g/L; IR, 0.03-0.07; P < .001). Analysis of S100B levels depending on the main cause responsible for BD development showed significant differences between subgroups (P = .012). S100B serum levels were higher in the isolated TBI BD group (P = .004). The S100B value showed an odds ratio for BD diagnosis of 8.38 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-60.45; P = .035). Reciever operating characteristic analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.92 (95% CI, 0.79-1.00; P = .007). We set a cut-off value of 2 mu g/L in S100B serum concentrations. At this level, the diagnostic properties of S100B would reach 100% of specificity and positive predictive value (PPV), and sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of 60% and 86.7%, respectively.Conclusion. This preliminary analysis shows for the very first time that BD is associated with higher S100B serum levels, compared with other neurocritical care patients. We also found that the cause of BD development must be considered. Specifically, S100B serum levels in severe isolated TBI patients-with clinical exploration compatible with BD-could be used in a future as confirmatory test.
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  • Medicina intensiva y donación de órganos. Más allá de nuestras fronteras habituales

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Aldabó-Pallás, T.   Correa-Chamorro, E.A.   Gallego-Corpa, A.I.   Martín-Villén, L.   Egea-Guerrero, J.J.  

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  • Intracranial pressure and hypercapnia during the apnoea test for the diagnosis of brain death

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Rosich-Andreu, S.   Egea-Guerrero, J. J.  

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  • Accuracy of the S100 beta protein as a marker of brain damage in traumatic brain injury

    Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Revuelto-Rey, J.   Murillo-Cabezas, F.   Munoz-Sanchez, M. A.   Vilches-Arenas, A.   Sanchez-Linares, P.   Dominguez-Roldan, J. M.   Leon-Carrion, J.  

    Introduction: This study tested the hypothesis that S100 beta is a useful screening tool for detecting intracranial lesion (IL) in patients with a normal level of consciousness after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: One hundred and forty-three post-TBI patients without a decrease in consciousness (GCS = 15) and with at least one neurological symptom (e.g. transitory loss of consciousness, amnesia, headache, dizziness or vomiting) were prospectively included. A blood sample was drawn at 6-hours post-TBI. A routine CT scan was obtained within 24 hours post-injury. Diagnostic properties of S100 beta for IL prediction in CT scan findings were tested using ROC-analysis. Results: A total of 15 patients (10.5%) had IL. Serum levels were significantly higher in these patients. Significant differences were found between S100 beta levels and CT scan findings (p = 0.007). ROC-analysis showed that S100 beta is a useful tool for detecting the presence of IL in CT scans (p = 0.007). In this series, the best cut-off for S100 beta is 0.130 mu g L(-1), with 100% sensitivity and 32.81% specificity. Conclusion: Within the first 6 hours post-TBI, serum S100 beta seems to be an effective biochemical indicator of IL in patients without a decrease in consciousness. These results indicate that higher S100 beta cut-off values substantially improve the clinical relevance of this protein.
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  • Clinical Variables and Neuromonitoring Information (Intracranial Pressure and Brain Tissue Oxygenation) as Predictors of Brain-Death Development After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Gordillo-Escobar, E.   Revuelto-Rey, J.   Enamorado-Enamorado, J.   Vilches-Arenas, A.   Pacheco-Sanchez, M.   Dominguez-Roldan, J. M.   Murillo-Cabezas, F.  

    Background and purpose. The aim of this study was to ascertain the role of clinical variables and neuromonitoring data as predictors of brain death (BD) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients and methods. This prospective observational study involved severe TBI patients admitted to the intensive care unit between October 2009 and May 2011. The following variables were recorded: gender, age, reference Glasgow Coma Scale after resuscitation, pupillary reactivity, prehospital hypotension and desaturation, injury severity score, computed tomography (CT) findings, intracranial hypertension, and low brain tissue oxygenation (Pti02) levels (<16 mm Hg), as well as the final result of BD. Results. Among 61 patients (86.9% males) who met the inclusion criteria, the average age was 37.69 +/- 16.44 years. Traffic accidents were the main cause of TBI (62.3%). The patients at risk of progressing to BD (14.8% of the entire cohort) were those with a mass lesion on CT (odds ratio [OR] 33.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.75-300.30; P = .002), altered pupillary reaction at admission (OR 25.5; 95% CI: 2.27-285.65; P = .009), as well low Pti02 levels on admission (OR 20.41; 95% CI: 3.52-118.33; P < .001) and during the first 24 hours of neuromonitoring (OR 20; 95% CI: 2.90-137.83; P < .001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that a low Pti02 level on admission was the best independent predictor for BD (OR 20.41; 95% CI: 3.53-118.33; P = .001). Conclusions. Clinical variables and neuromonitoring information may identify TBI patients at risk of deterioration to BD.
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  • May-Thurner syndrome: an infrequent cause of spontaneous left iliac vein rupture

    Gordillo-Escobar, E.   Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Revuelto-Rey, J.   Martin-Bermudez, R.  

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  • Cerebral microdialysis in the current clinical setting

    Revuelto-Rey, J.   Egea-Guerrero, J. J.   Munoz-Sanchez, M. A.   Murillo-Cabezas, F.  

    Cerebral microdialysis, introduced in experimental studies 40 years ago, has been used clinically since 1992 for the neurochemical monitoring of patients in intensive care. The principles underlying this technique are closely related to brain metabolism. The study of the metabolites detected at brain interstitial tissue level, through the semipermeable membrane of the device, allows us to assess different physiological pathways in the brain, analyzing the changes that occur when they become less efficient in terms of energy, and also detecting waste products secondary to tissue damage. Despite its current limitations, this technique provides relevant information for research and the clinical management of critical neurological patients. (C) 2011 Elsevier Espana, S.L. and SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.
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