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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 32

  • Strain rate imaging is a superior method for the assessment of regional myocardial function compared with Doppler tissue imaging: A study on patients with transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defect

    Di Salvo, G   Pacileo, G   Caso, P   Verrengia, M   Rea, A   Santoro, G   Russo, MG   Calabro, RA  

    To compare the value of strain and strain rate imaging in assessing regional myocardial function to that of myocardial velocities, we studied 10 patients late after successful percutaneous atrial septal defect closure. Analysis was performed for atrial longitudinal peak systolic velocity, strain, and strain rate from the midsegment of interatrial septum, in correspondence of the device, and from the lateral left atrial wall. Placing the sample volume in the middle part of the atrial septal defect occluder, a bulky noncontractile element, passively moved by global heart motion, the new ultrasonic-derived myocardial deformation indexes demonstrated almost the absence of any deformations, whereas myocardial velocities failed to significantly discriminate between this noncontracting structure and the normal atrial wall.
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  • Atrial myocardial deformation properties predict maintenance of sinus rhythm after external cardioversion of recent-onset lone atrial fibrillation - A color Doppler myocardial imaging and transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic study

    Di Salvo, G   Caso, P   Lo Piccolo, R   Fusco, A   Martiniello, AR   Russo, MG   D'Onofrio, A   Severino, S   Calabro, P   Pacileo, G   Mininni, N   Calabro, R  

    Background - Accurate echocardiographic parameters to predict maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are poorly defined. This study was conducted to assess the atrial myocardial properties during AF through myocardial velocity, strain rate, and strain and to compare their prognostic value in maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with lone AF with standard transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography ( TEE). Methods and Results - Sixty-five consecutive patients with lone AF for <= 3 months underwent TTE, TEE, and myocardial velocity and strain and strain rate imaging examinations before successful external cardioversion. Maintenance of sinus rhythm was assessed during a 9-month follow-up. Atrial myocardial velocity, strain, and strain rate values in AF patients were compared with those of age- and sex-matched referents. Moreover, clinical and echocardiographic parameters of patients with maintenance of sinus rhythm ( MSR patients) over the 9-month follow-up period ( n = 25) were compared with those from patients with AF recurrence (AFR patients; n = 40). Atrial myocardial properties assessed by myocardial velocity, strain rate, and strain were significantly reduced ( P <0.0001) in patients ( velocity, 3.2 +/- 1.4 cm/s; strain, 23.3 +/- 19%; strain rate, 2 +/- 0.9 seconds(-1)) compared with referents ( velocity, 5.7 +/- 1.3 cm/s; strain, 92 +/- 26%; strain rate, 4.2 +/- 1.8 seconds(-1)). The individual predictors of sinus rhythm maintenance were atrial appendage flow velocity ( MSR patients, 39 +/- 12 cm/s; AFR patients, 32 +/- 15 cm/s; P < 0.01) assessed by TEE and atrial strain ( MSR patients, 33 +/- 27%; AFR patients, 17 +/- 9%; P = 0.0007) and strain rate ( MSR patients, 2.7 +/- 1 seconds(-1); AFR patients, 1.6 +/- 0.6 seconds(-1); P < 0.0001) peak systolic values. Atrial strain ( P < 0.0001; coefficient, 0.015; SE, 0.003) and strain rate ( P < 0.0001; coefficient, 0.372; SE, 0.075) parameters alone were confirmed as independent predictors of sinus rhythm maintenance by multivariable analysis. Conclusions - Patients with higher atrial strain and strain rate appear to have a greater likelihood of staying in sinus rhythm. If the current data are verified in future studies, then additional pharmacological therapy and maintenance of anticoagulants for a longer period may need to be considered in those with lower atrial strain and strain rate measurements.
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  • Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of Toriello-Carey syndrome

    Paladini, D   Russo, MG   Tartaglione, A   Loffredo, A   Martinelli, P  

    Toriello-Carey syndrome is a rare malformative complex, described for the first time in 1988, characterized by agenesis of the corpus callosum, facial anomalies, cardiac defects and hypotonia. Relatively few neonatal cases have been reported. We describe here the first prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of the syndrome based on the detection of agenesis of the corpus callosum and spongious cardiomyopathy in a 22-week-old fetus of a couple with positive family history. The first sib of the couple was diagnosed with Toriello-Carey syndrome at 1 year of age. and had. in addition to the typical facial anomalies not detectable by ultrasound, agenesis of the corpus callosum and the same heart lesion (spongious cardiomyopathy). This report demonstrates that prenatal diagnosis of Toriello-Carey syndrome is feasible in the second trimester of pregnancy. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
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  • Pulmonary autograft for mitral valve replacement in infants: The Ross-Kabbani operation

    Frigiola, A   Badia, T   Pome, G   Fesslova, V   Russo, MG   Iacono, C   Squarcia, U   Di Donato, M  

    We describe the cases of 2 infants aged 6 and 21/2 months, respectively, affected by mitral valve dysplasia that caused severe valvular insufficiency and heart failure in which a surgical correction was indicated because of critical general conditions. In both patients the anatomic characteristics of the valves were not suitable for repair, and an implant of a mechanical prosthesis was excluded because of the very young age of the infants and the impossibility of maintaining an adequate anticoagulant therapy. Therefore a Ross-Kabbani intervention was performed with an implant of a pulmonary autograft (in the mitral position) and an insertion of a pulmonary homograft. The postoperative course was free of major complications and good function of the autograft was present at short-term follow-up in both cases. © 2005 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
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  • Pulmonary stenosis and atresia with intact ventricular septum during prenatal life

    Todros, T   Paladini, D   Chiappa, E   Russo, MG   Gaglioti, P   Pacileo, G   Cau, MA   Martinelli, P  

    Aim To identify fetal echocardiographic characteristics predictive of perinatal outcome in cases with a prenatal diagnosis of pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia. Patients and methods We retrospectively reviewed the records and the videotapes of all the cases of pulmonary stenosis and pulmonary atresia diagnosed at our institutions between 1990 and 1999. The following measurements were obtained: diameters of right and left atria and ventricles and ventricular wall thickness; main pulmonary artery and aortic root diameter; direction of flow through the atrioventricular, aortic and pulmonary valves and through the ductus arteriosus. Perinatal outcome and follow-up of the survivors were available in each case. Results There were 21 cases of pulmonary atresia. Eleven were diagnosed before 24 weeks and nine of them (82%) underwent termination of pregnancy. The survival rate was 50% among the 12 fetuses born at term. None of the fetuses that survived bad a large right ventricle, while this was a finding in 50% of those that died. Among the fetuses that died, 83% bad a hypertrophic right ventricular wall compared to 33% of the survivors. There were 12 cases of pulmonary stenosis. Three cases were diagnosed before 24 weeks but none underwent termination of pregnancy. All the fetuses with pulmonary stenosis were born at term and four died in the perinatal period. The survival rate was thus 66.6% (8/12). Three (75%) of the fetuses that died bad reversed flow in the ductus arteriosus compared with one of the fetuses that survived. Conclusion Our data suggest that a grossly enlarged right ventricle and/or a hypertrophied right ventricular wall in cases of pulmonary atresia and reversed flow in the arterial duct in cases of pulmonary stenosis are likely indicators of a poor prognosis. Copyright (C) 2003 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
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  • Aortic coarctation: prognostic indicators of survival in the fetus

    Paladini, D   Volpe, P   Russo, MG   Vassallo, M   Sclavo, G   Gentile, M  

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  • Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease in the Naples area during the years 1994-1999 - the experience of a joint fetal-pediatric cardiology unit

    Paladini, D   Russo, MG   Teodoro, A   Pacileo, G   Capozzi, G   Martinelli, P   Nappi, C   Calabro, R  

    Objectives To analyse the spectrum and frequencies of observed malformations; to evaluate associated extracardiac and chromosomal anomalies and outcomes in each diagnostic category; to demonstrate the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis of CHD in the fetus. Methods From January 1994 to December 1999, 450 cases of CHD were detected among 4052 pregnancies at risk of fetal CHD seen at our combined unit. Confirmation of the diagnosis was not available in 50 cases, leaving 400 cases for analysis. From our computerized database, the following variables were retrieved and analysed: indication, gestational age at diagnosis, associated extracardiac anomalies, karyotype, natural history, pregnancy and feto-neonatal outcome. Results CHDs most commonly detected were VSD (75 cases), AVSD (40 cases) and HLH (37 cases). The aneuploidy rate was 29.3% in the 355 cases submitted for karyotyping (25.9% in the whole series), with a prevalence of trisomy 21 and 18 (48 and 30 cases, respectively). The aneuploidy rate was highest for AVSD (80%), coarctation (49%), tetralogy of Fallot and VSD (45%). Associated extracardiac anomalies were present in 29.5%, of the cases (118/400). As for pregnancy Outcome, there were 150 (37.5%) terminations of pregnancy, 16 (4%) intrauterine fetal deaths and 85 (21.3%) neonatal deaths. The remaining 149 neonates are alive (37.3%, survival rate). The termination rate for pregnancies in which CHD was detected at a gestational age < 25 weeks was 65.2%. Evolutive changes determined progressive prognostic deterioration in 21 cases (5%), consisting of semilunar valve obstructions and development of ventricular hypoplasia. Conclusions The high association rate with extracardiac and chromosomal anomalies (29.3% and 25.9%) and the possible progressive prognostic deterioration require a multidisciplinary team for correct management and follow-up. Survival of fetuses with certain CHD is severely reduced, in comparison with postnatal figures, for the common association with aneuploidies. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
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  • The 'in-plane' view of the inter-ventricular septum. A new approach to the characterization of ventricular septal defects in the fetus

    Paladini, D   Russo, MG   Vassallo, M   Tartaglione, A  

    Objectives Objectives of this study are (1) to describe how to obtain the in-plane view of the inter-ventricular septum, (2) to assess its feasibility in a population of fetuses referred for fetal echocardiography, (3) to demonstrate its effectiveness in the characterization of VSD in the fetus. Methods The in-plane view of the inter-ventricular septum is conducted in a plane almost perpendicular to that of the long axis of the left ventricle, tilting the transducer towards the right ventricle, paying attention not to 'enter' the right ventricular chamber. Its feasibility has been assessed in 41 fetuses referred for fetal echocardiography, by recording the visualization/failure rates by fetal lie and acoustic window. The in-plane view of the inter-ventricular septum was then employed in healthy fetuses and diseased fetuses with VSDs. Results The success rates in obtaining the in-plane view of the inter-ventricular septum was dependent upon fetal lie; visualization rates were 100, 36 and 0% in case of posterior, lateral and anterior spine, respectively. When used in the anatomic characterization of VSDs, this view provided significant additional information. Conclusions The in-plane view of the inter-ventricular septum represents a new echocardiographic view that can be used to enhance the assessment of the inter- ventricular septum of the fetal heart. Its use should be considered whenever the presence of a VSD is suspected during fetal echocardiography, and in these cases it often provides additional information. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
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  • The boundedness of the Cauchy singular integral operator in weighted Besov type spaces with uniform norms

    Mastroianni, G   Russo, MG   Themistoclakis, W  

    The mapping properties of the Cauchy singular integral operator with constant coefficients are studied in couples of spaces equipped with weighted uniform norms. Recently weighted Besov type spaces got more and more interest in approximation theory and, in particular, in the numerical analysis of polynomial approximation methods for Cauchy singular integral equations on an interval. In a scale of pairs of weighted Besov spaces the authors state the boundedness and the invertibility of the Cauchy singular integral operator. Such result was not expected for a long time and it will affect further investigations essentially. The technique of the paper is based on properties of the de la Vallee Poussin operator constructed with respect to some Jacobi polynomials.
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  • Common arterial trunk in the fetus: characteristics, associations, and outcome in a multicentre series of 23 cases

    Volpe, P   Paladini, D   Marasini, M   Buonadonna, AL   Russo, MG   Caruso, G   Marzullo, A   Vassallo, M   Martinelli, P   Gentile, M  

    Objective: To assess the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis, the incidence of extracardiac and chromosomal anomalies, and the perinatal outcome in a population of fetuses with common arterial trunk (CAT). Design: Observational study of 23 fetuses from three referral centres with a confirmed diagnosis of CAT. All underwent fetal echocardiography, detailed anatomical scanning, and karyotyping. In 19 cases, FISH analysis was done to detect 22q11 microdeletion. The following variables were evaluated: gestational age at diagnosis, anatomical variants of the CAT, presence of extracardiac and chromosomal anomalies, pregnancy, and fetal - neonatal outcome. Necropsy reports and postnatal files were available for confirmation of the prenatal diagnosis in all cases. Results: The prenatal diagnosis proved correct in 23 of 24 cases, the last being pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PAVSD). A second cardiovascular anomaly was present in eight cases (34.8%); extracardiac anomalies were found in 10 (43.4%). FISH analysis showed 22q11 microdeletion in six of 19 cases (31.6%). Outcomes were as follows: eight terminations of pregnancy ( 34.8%), two intrauterine deaths (8.7%), five postnatal deaths ( before or after surgery) (21.7%); the remaining eight neonates ( 34.8%) are alive and thriving after surgery ( six) or awaiting surgery (two). Conclusions: CAT can be reliably diagnosed and characterised in prenatal life, although differentiation from PAVSD may be challenging. The association with chromosomal anomalies is consistent ( 8.7%), but there is a higher risk of 22q11 microdeletion ( 31.6%), in agreement with postnatal studies. The relatively poor survival rate ( 34.8%) reflects the high rate of terminations and the unfavourable cardiac anatomy in some cases.
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  • Patients with acute coronary syndrome show oligoclonal T-cell recruitment within unstable plaque - Evidence for a local, intracoronary immunologic mechanism

    De Palma, R   Del Galdo, F   Abbate, G   Chiariello, M   Calabro, R   Forte, L   Cimmino, G   Papa, MF   Russo, MG   Ambrosio, G   Giombolini, C   Tritto, I   Notaristefano, S   Berrino, L   Rossi, F   Golino, P  

    Background - Recent studies indicate that T-cell activation may play an important role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, although those studies detected T-cell expansion in peripheral blood cells, demonstration of specific T-cell expansion within the plaque of patients with ACS is lacking. The present study aims to address whether a specific, immune-driven T-lymphocyte recruitment occurs within the unstable plaque of patients with ACS. Methods and Results - We simultaneously examined the T-cell repertoire using CDR3 size analysis both in coronary plaques (obtained by directional atherectomy) and in peripheral blood of patients with either ACS (n = 11) or chronic stable angina (n = 10). Unstable plaques showed a 10-fold increase in T-cell content by quantitative PCR. Using spectratyping analysis, we found several specific T-cell clonotype expansions only in unstable plaque from each patient with ACS, indicating a specific, antigen-driven recruitment of T cells within unstable lesions. Conclusions - For the first time, T-cell repertoire was investigated directly into coronary plaques; using this approach, we demonstrate that coronary plaque instability in the setting of ACS is associated with immune-driven T-cell recruitment, specifically within the plaque.
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  • Comparison of percutaneous closure of large patent ductus arteriosus by multiple coils versus the amplatzer duct occluder device

    Santoro, G   Bigazzi, MC   Palladino, MT   Russo, MG   Carrozza, M   Calabro, R  

    This study compared the efficacy and costs of the most used approaches for percutaneous closure of large patent ductus arteriosus, that is, multiple coils and the Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) device. From April 2000 to September 2003, 47 patients underwent closure of large, symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (diameter 4.6 +/- 3.0 mm/m(2); QP/QS 2.1 +/- 1.9) with multiple Cook detachable coils (n = 19) or the ADO device (n = 28). The multiple coil approach was significantly cheaper (1,389 +/- 168 vs 3,811 +/-38 C, p < 0.0001) but as effective as the ADO device over a mid-term follow-up (occlusion rate 89.5% vs 96.4%, p = NS). (C) 2004 by Excerpta Medica, Inc.
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  • Characteristics, associations and outcome of absent pulmonary valve syndrome in the fetus

    Volpe, P   Paladini, D   Marasini, M   Buonadonna, AL   Russo, MG   Caruso, G   Marzullo, A   Arciprete, P   Martinelli, P   Gentile, M  

    Objectives To assess in a population of 21 fetuses diagnosed with absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS) the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis, the incidence of extracardiac and chromosomal anomalies and the perinatal outcome. Methods This was a retrospective observational study of 21 fetuses with a confirmed diagnosis of APVS. All of them underwent fetal echocardiography and a detailed anatomical scan. Karyotyping was performed in 20/21 cases, with fluorescent in-situ hybridization analysis to detect the 22q11 microdeletion performed in 16/21 cases. The following variables were retrieved from databases and evaluated: indication for referral, gestational age at diagnosis, presence of cardiomegaly, branch pulmonary dilatation, associated anomalies or intrauterine growth restriction, and fetal/neonatal outcome. Autopsy reports and postnatal surgical/medical files were available for confirmation in all cases. Results Prenatal diagnosis of APVS proved correct in all cases, with only three cases occurring not in association with tetralogy of Fallot. Additional cardiovascular anomalies were present in five cases (24%). Extracardiac anomalies were found in nine cases (42.8%), and were associated with chromosomal anomalies in five cases (24%). The 22q11 microdeletion was present in 4116 cases (25%). Fetal/neonatal outcome was as follows: nine terminations of pregnancy, three intrauterine deaths, six postnatal deaths. The remaining three (14.3%) neonates were alive after surgery. Cardiomegaly and marked branch pulmonary dilatation were present in 16 and 15 cases, respectively, and were associated with bronchomalacia in virtually all cases. Conclusions APVS can be reliably diagnosed and characterized prenatally. The association with major chromosomal anomalies or 22q11 microdeletion is consistent with previous findings. The relatively poor survival rate is due to the high rate of terminations, associated genetic anomalies and bronchomalacia. Bronchomalacia is present in the overwhelming majority of cases featuring cardiomegaly and marked branch pulmonary dilatation. Copyright (C) 2004 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
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  • Commentary on A role for neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin in muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder: A retrospective experience: Dash A, Pettus JA 4th, Herr HW, Bochner BH, Dalbagni G, Donat SM, Russo P, Boyle MG, Milowsky MI, Bajorin DF, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Memorial-Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY

    H. Barton Grossman  

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  • Comparison of strain rate imaging for quantitative evaluation of regional left and right ventricular function after surgical versus percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect

    Di Salvo, G   Drago, M   Pacileo, G   Carrozza, M   Santoro, G   Bigazzi, MC   Caso, P   Russo, MG   Carminati, M   Calabro, R  

    For the first time, peak systolic strain and strain rate (SR) were used to assess right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) regional function in children after transcatheter and surgical atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. Fifteen patients with successful ASD device closure (the ASD-D group, mean age 9 +/- 3 years), 15 age- and gender-matched patients with successful ASD surgical closure (the ASD-S group, mean age 9 3 years), and 15 age- and gender-matched controls were enrolled. Regional RV and LV longitudinal function was significantly reduced in the ASD-S group compared with controls in all the studied segments. The ASD-D group presented significantly (p < 0.001) reduced strain and SR values only on the basal and mid segments of the septal wall compared with controls. In the ASD-D group, only the RV basal segment showed significantly (p < 0.001) reduced strain and SR values compared with controls but significantly greater values than those measured in the ASD-S group. SR imaging indexes could provide new, noninvasive, clinically relevant insight into regional changes in RV function and support the transcatheter approach to ASD for its less negative impact on RV and LV function. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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