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Now showing items 97 - 112 of 2749

  • OUTSIDE THE BOX: None may sleep

    Trisha Greenhalgh  

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  • Fertility preservation in women with endometriosis: for all, for some, for none?

    Somigliana, E.   Vigano, P.   Filippi, F.   Papaleo, E.   Benaglia, L.   Candiani, M.   Vercellini, P.  

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  • Is it none of their business? Business and democratization, the case of Turkey

    Ozel   Isik  

    This article explains how the Turkish business' regime preferences have evolved from pro-authoritarian to pro-democratic in the context of dual transitions, in response to changes in incentive structures shaped by domestic, regional and international parameters. It particularly focuses on big business and highlights the central role that greater exposure to international competition during the course of opening up and liberalization played in the evolution of its regime preferences. The article suggests that the central mechanism which has led to the regime preference change is socialization by strategic calculation facilitated by business' increasing incorporation into transnational networks. It asserts that the Turkish big business' experience is particularly interesting because international exposure not only created new opportunities for big business, but also new divisions and rivalries within the business community. These new rivals formed flourishing alliances with the government, with their accompanying claims to power that challenged the big business' previous hegemony in accessing state resources. In the process, big business' fear of losing its privileged status to rival business groups and the resulting uncertainties led big business to associate democratization with higher benefits, as they became increasingly aware of the link between democratization and diminished uncertainties, through their interaction with transnational business networks. Consequently, big business consolidated its pro-democratic stance as shifting domestic alliances enhanced the need for diminishing uncertainties, while internationalization along with the prospect of EU membership increased the cost of status quo.
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  • None of the above: Strategies for Inclusive Teaching with \"Representative\" Data

    Nowakowski, A. C. H.   Sumerau, J. E.   Mathers, L. A. B.  

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  • Putin, Poroshenko had difficult talk but none of them raised his voice - Peskov

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  • Jack of all trades, master of none

    Bob Wright   Heather McClelland  

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  • On My Mind: Better None Than Bad

    Leah L. White  

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  • Androgen Deprivation — Continuous, Intermittent, or None at All?

    Sartor   Oliver  

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  • On the controllability of evaluative-priming effects: Some limits that are none

    Teige-Mocigemba, Sarah   Klauer, Karl Christoph  

    Two experiments examined recent claims of uncontrollability of the evaluative-priming effect. According to these claims, imposing an adaptive 600 ms response deadline prevents successful faking (Degner, 2009). Furthermore, strategic control attempts have been argued not to reduce the priming measure's sensitivity to spontaneous evaluations so that correlations of evaluative-priming effects with external criteria are not affected by attempts to fake (Bar-Anan, 2010). Here, we show that faking is possible even with an adaptive 600 ms response deadline when faking instructions do not conflict with speed pressures imposed thereby (Experiments 1 and 2). In addition, suitable faking instructions substantially affect the predictive validity of priming effects in terms of their correlations with (non-faked) self-report measures and the Implicit Association Test (Experiment 2). The previous claims about the uncontrollability of the evaluative-priming effect may thus have been premature.
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  • The “None of the Above” Option in Multiple-Choice Testing: An Experimental Study

    DiBattista, David   Sinnige-Egger, Jo-Anne   Fortuna, Glenda  

    The authors assessed the effects of using none of the above as an option in a 40-item, general-knowledge multiple-choice test administered to undergraduate students. Examinees who selected none of the above were given an incentive to write the correct answer to the question posed. Using none of the above as the keyed option made items much more difficult (d = -1.11). Furthermore, 45% of the time that examinees correctly selected none of the above, they wrote either a wrong answer (19%) or no answer (26%), and rescoring items to deny credit in these cases caused item discrimination to fall (d = -0.35). Thus, when none of the above is the keyed option, credit earned by examinees with knowledge deficiencies can make items appear to have more discriminatory power than is actually the case. The authors recommend that none of the above should not be used as an option in multiple-choice items.
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  • Are Youth-Only Motorcycle Helmet Laws Better Than None at All?

    Brooks, Erin   Naud, Shelly   Shapiro, Steven  

    Introduction: The trend in state motorcycle helmet laws has been a reduction from universal coverage requiring all riders to wear helmets, to partial coverage requiring only younger riders to wear helmets. In the current study we evaluate whether partial helmet laws reduce motorcycle fatalities and increase helmet compliance among young riders. Materials and Methods: We compared a decade of motorcycle fatalities from the only 3 states with no helmet laws (New Hampshire, Iowa, Illinois) to 3 states with <= 17-year-old partial helmet laws (Connecticut, Indiana, Wisconsin). We excluded highway speeds, blood alcohol laws, and minimum legal drinking age as being significant variables. Results: Overall, there was no significant difference in the average fatality rate per 10,000 motorcycle registrations for <= 17-year-old riders in partial helmet law states versus no helmet law states (P = 0.45). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the helmet wearing rate of <= 17-year-old fatalities in partial helmet law versus no helmet law states (P = 0.79). Conclusions: Partial helmet laws neither significantly reduce fatality rates nor increase helmet compliance rates among young riders. A partial helmet law is roughly equivalent to none at all; only universal helmet laws have been shown to effectively protect young motorcyclists.
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  • “A job interview for Mo, but none for Mohammed”

    Budhwar, Pawan S.   Forstenlechner, Ingo   Al‐Waqfi, Mohammed A.  

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  • None in Particular”


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    Cheshire, Coye   Antin, Judd  

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  • Win Some, Lose None? Support Parties at the Polls and in Political Agenda-Setting

    Thesen   Gunnar  

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  • Leave None to Claim the Land. A Malthusian Catastrophe in Rwanda?

    Marijke Verpoorten  

    More than 200 years after its... rst publication, the Malthusian thesis is still much debated, albeit in a modi... ed form. Rather than predicting a global catastrophe, most neo-Malthusians stress the local character of the relationship between population pressure, natural resource scarcity, and con?ict as well as its dependency on the socio-political and economic context. This softened version of Malthus' thesis has received little empirical support in cross-country studies. In contrast, a number of sub-national analyses have provided some evidence for local conditional Malthusian catastrophes, although "catastrophe" is a big word since these studies have largely focused on low-intensity violence. This article adds to the small body of sub-national studies, but focuses on a high-intensity con?ict, the Rwandan genocide. In particular, it provides a meso-level analysis of the relation between population pressure and the intensity of violence measured by the death toll among the Tutsi across 1,294 small administrative units. The results indicate that the death toll was signi... cantly higher in localities with both high population density and little opportunity for young men to acquire land. On
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