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Now showing items 65 - 80 of 378

  • A Requirement for Local Protein Synthesis in Neurotrophin-Induced Hippocampal Synaptic Plasticity

    Kang, H.   Schuman, E. M.  

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  • Dynamic Monte Carlo Simulations of Surface-Rate Processes

    Kang, H.   Weinberg, W.  

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  • A Novel Interaction between CCaMK and a Protein Containing the Scythe_N Ubiquitin-Like Domain in Lotus japonicus

    Kang, H.   Zhu, H.   Chu, X.   Yang, Z.   Yuan, S.   Yu, D.   Wang, C.   Hong, Z.   Zhang, Z.  

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  • Lyapunov redesign for structural convergence improvement in adaptive control

    Kang, H.   Vachtsevanos, G.   Lewis, F.L.  

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  • Glucocorticoids impair bone formation of bone marrow stromal stem cells by reciprocally regulating microRNA-34a-5p

    Kang, H.   Chen, H.   Huang, P.   Qi, J.   Qian, N.   Deng, L.   Guo, L.  

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  • Terminal Schwann Cells Participate in Neuromuscular Synapse Remodeling during Reinnervation following Nerve Injury

    Kang, H.   Tian, L.   Mikesh, M.   Lichtman, J. W.   Thompson, W. J.  

    Schwann cells (SCs) at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) play active roles in synaptic homeostasis and repair. We have studied how SCs contribute to reinnervation of NMJs using vital imaging of mice whose motor axons and SCs are transgenically labeled with different colors of fluorescent proteins. Motor axons most commonly regenerate to the original synaptic site by following SC-filled endoneurial tubes. During the period of denervation, SCs at the NMJ extend elaborate processes from the junction, as shown previously, but they also retract some processes from territory they previously occupied within the endplate. The degree of this retraction depends on the length of the period of denervation. We show that the topology of the remaining SC processes influences the branching pattern of regenerating axon terminals and the redistribution of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs). Upon arriving at the junction, regenerating axons follow existing SC processes within the old synaptic site. Some of the AChR loss that follows denervation is correlated with failure of portions of the old synaptic site that lack SC coverage to be reinnervated. New AChR clustering is also induced by axon terminals that follow SC processes extended during denervation. These observations show that SCs participate actively in the remodeling of neuromuscular synapses following nerve injury by their guidance of axonal reinnervation.
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  • Measurement of cellulase and xylosidase activities in peat using a sensitive fluorogenic compound assay

    Kang, H.   Freeman, C.  

    We applied fluorogenic methylumbelliferyl compounds to measure enzyme activities (beta-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase, and beta-xylosidase) in a wetland peat. The enzyme activities showed substrate saturation around 400 muM and approximate linearity for at least 100 minutes incubation time. The effects of phenolics and toluene on the enzymes were small. All enzyme activities increased with increasing incubation temperature. Beta-glucosidase and beta-xylosidase showed optimal activities in an acidic condition (pH 5), while cellobiohydrolase had the highest activity in a neutral pH. The method would be effective in samples with low enzyme activities and interferences from organic compounds.
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  • Design and Cooling Characteristic Results of Cryogenic System for 6.6 kV/200 A Inductive Fault Current Limiter

    Kang, H.   Ahn, M.C.   Kim, H.J.   Chang, H.-M.   Ko, T.K.  

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  • Cell Cycle Control of Kaposi\"s Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Latency Transcription by CTCF-Cohesin Interactions

    Kang, H.   Lieberman, P. M.  

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  • P-506 A comparison of gemcitabine in two doses for stage III or IV NSCLC: A multi-instutional phase II study

    Kang, H.   Kim, S.   Ahn, J.   Kim, J.   Kim, K.   Kim, Y.   Jung, M.   Ryu, J.   Roh, Y.   Kang, H.  

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  • The Effect on the Recovery Profile of a Change from Enflurane to Desflurane during the Latter Part of Anaesthesia

    Kang, H.   Park, S.-G.   Baek, C.-W.   Park, J.-W.   Jung, Y.-H.   Woo, Y.-C.   Kim, J.-Y.   Koo, G.-H.  

    This study compared emergence and recovery characteristics after either enflurane anaesthesia or crossover from enflurane to desflurane anaesthesia. At an estimated 1 h prior to the end of operation, enflurane was either reduced (group E, n = 23) or replaced with desflurane (group X, n = 23). At the end of the operation, emergence and recovery characteristics of the two groups were compared. The crossover technique accelerated recovery compared with enflurane anaesthesia. The time taken for the eyes to open in response to painful pinching or a verbal command, and to regain awareness of age and name, were significantly shorter after crossover anaesthesia than after enflurane anaesthesia. The digit symbol substitution test and serial seven test scores were significantly better in patients subjected to crossover anaesthesia than in those subjected to enflurane anaesthesia. We conclude that, during surgery, the substitution of enflurane with desflurane in the latter part of anaesthesia can improve recovery.
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  • Mitotic and meiotic behavior of rye chromosomes in wheat - Psathyrostachys huashanica amphiploid x triticale progeny

    Xie, Q.   Kang, H.   Sparkes, D.L.   Tao, S.   Fan, X.M.   Xu, L.   Fan, X.   Sha, L.   Zhang, H.   Wang, Y.   Zeng, J.   Zhou, Y.  

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  • Photoinduced processes in protonated tryptamine

    Kang, H.   Jouvet, C.   Dedonder-Lardeux, C.   Martrenchard, S.   Charrie?re, C.   Gre?goire, G.   Desfranc?ois, C.   Schermann, J. P.   Barat, M.   Fayeton, J. A.  

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  • Vascular smooth muscle cell glycocalyx modulates shear-induced proliferation, migration, and NO production responses

    Kang, H.   Fan, Y.   Deng, X.  

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  • 31P Changes as a measure of therapy response in human osteosarcomas implanted into nude mice.

    Kang, H.   Ballinger, J.R.   Sweeney, C.   Croker, B.P.   Scott, K.N.  

    Our objective was to determine whether changes in PME and PCr/Pi can be used to predict lack of tumor response to chemotherapy in a murine model of human osteosarcoma. A chemotherapy-sensitive human osteosarcoma cell line was implanted into the flank of 22 nude mice. Cisplatin was administered to 11 of the mice 9 days postimplantation. 31P MR spectroscopy was performed pre- and post-chemotherapy in both sets of mice. Statistically significant changes in PCr/Pi occur from pre- to post-chemotherapy in the treated mice, but not in the untreated mice during the same time. Change in PME parallels changes in tumor volume. Changes in PCr/Pi predict lack of chemotherapy treatment in human osteosarcoma implanted into nude mice with a specificity of 80%and a sensitivity of 63%. The change in PCr/Pi occurs prior to any changes in volume of the tumor.
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  • Regulation of the Intermediate Filament Protein Nestin at Rodent Neuromuscular Junctions by Innervation and Activity

    Kang, H.   Tian, L.   Son, Y.-J.   Zuo, Y.   Procaccino, D.   Love, F.   Hayworth, C.   Trachtenberg, J.   Mikesh, M.   Sutton, L.   Ponomareva, O.   Mignone, J.   Enikolopov, G.   Rimer, M.   Thompson, W.  

    The intermediate filament nestin is localized postsynaptically at rodent neuromuscular junctions. The protein forms a filamentous network beneath and between the synaptic gutters, surrounds myofiber nuclei, and is associated with Z-discs adjacent to the junction. In situ hybridization shows that nestin mRNA is synthesized selectively by synaptic myonuclei. Although weak immunoreactivity is present in myelinating Schwann cells that wrap the preterminal axon, nestin is not detected in the terminal Schwann cells (tSCs) that cover the nerve terminal branches. However, after denervation of muscle, nestin is upregulated in tSCs and in SCs within the nerve distal to the lesion site. In contrast, immunoreactivity is strongly downregulated in the muscle fiber. Transgenic mice in which the nestin neural enhancer drives expression of a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter show that the regulation in SCs is transcriptional. However, the postsynaptic expression occurs through enhancer elements distinct from those responsible for regulation in SCs. Application of botulinum toxin shows that the upregulation in tSCs and the loss of immunoreactivity in muscle fibers occurs with blockade of transmitter release. Extrinsic stimulation of denervated muscle maintains the postsynaptic expression of nestin but does not affect the upregulation in SCs. Thus, a nestin-containing cytoskeleton is promoted in the postsynaptic muscle fiber by nerve-evoked muscle activity but suppressed in tSCs by transmitter release. Nestin antibodies and GFP driven by nestin promoter elements serve as excellent markers for the reactive state of SCs. Vital imaging of GFP shows that SCs grow a dynamic set of processes after denervation.
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