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Now showing items 1 - 5 of 5

  • DD fusion from a polarized HD target

    Didelez, J.-P.   Deutsch, C.  

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  • Distillation of hydrogen isotopes for polarized HD targets

    Ohta, T.   Bouchigny, S.   Didelez, J.-P.   Fujiwara, M.   Fukuda, K.   Kohri, H.   Kunimatsu, T.   Morisaki, C.   Ono, S.   Rouille, G.   Tanaka, M.   Ueda, K.   Uraki, M.   Utsuro, M.   Wang, S.Y.   Yosoi, M.  

    We have developed a new cryogenic distillation system to purify Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) gas for polarized HD targets in LEPS experiments at SPring-8. A small amount of ortho-H 2 (~0.01%) in the HD gas plays an important role in efficiently polarizing the HD target. Since there are 1-5% impurities of H 2 and D 2 in commercially available HD gases, it is necessary to purify the HD gas up to ~99.99%. The distillation system is equipped with a cryogenic distillation unit filled with many small stainless steel cells called ldquoHeli-packrdquo. The distillation unit consists of a condenser part, a rectification part, and a reboiler part. The unit is kept at the temperature of 17-21K. The Heli-pack has a large surface area that makes a good contact between gases and liquids. An amount of 5.2mol of commercial HD gas is fed into the distillation unit. Three trials were carried out to purify the HD gas by changing temperatures (17.5K and 20.5K) and gas extraction speeds (1.3ml/min and 5.2ml/min). The extracted gas was analyzed using a gas analyzer system combining a quadrupole mass spectrometer with a gas chromatograph. One mol of HD gas with a purity better than 99.99% has been successfully obtained for the first time. The effective NTP (Number of Theoretical Plates), which is an indication of the distillation performances, is obtained to be 37.2+or-0.6. This value is in good agreement with a designed value of 37.9. The HD target is expected to be efficiently polarized under a well-controlled condition by adding an optimal amount of ortho-H 2 to the purified HD gas. [All rights reserved Elsevier].
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  • Persistence of the Polarization in a Fusion Process

    Didelez, J.-P.   Deutsch, C.  

    We propose an experiment to test the persistence of the polarization in a fusion process, using a terawatt laser hitting a polarized high density (HD) target. The polarized protons and deuterons heated in the plasma induced by the laser have a significant probability to fuse producing a (3)He and a gamma-ray or a neutron in the final state. The angular distribution of the radiated gamma-rays and the change in the corresponding total cross-section are related to the polarization persistence, but the resulting signal turns out to be weak. By comparison, the neutrons are produced hadronically with a larger cross-section and it is much easier to detect them. A significant reduction of the cross-section by parallel polarization of the deuterons as well as a structured angular distribution of the emitted neutrons is reliably predicted by the theory. Therefore, it is expected that the corresponding signal on the neutron counting rate could be seen experimentally. Magnetic fields, relaxation times and possibilities of local investigations are discussed.
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  • Static and dynamic polarization of HD

    Bassan, M.   Bouchigny, S.   Commeaux, C.   Didelez, J.-P.   Rouille, G.   Schaerf, C.   Bellini, V.   Bocquet, J.-P.   Castoldi, M.   D'Angelo, A.   Di Salvo, R.   Fantini, A.   Ghio, F.   Girolami, B.   Guidal, M.   Hourany, E.   Kunne, R.   Sandri, P.L.   Lleres, A.   Moricciani, D.   Rebreyend, D.  

    The static polarization of HD samples has been achieved using "brute force", for HD samples purified by double distillation. Proton polarization in excess of 60% and deuteron vector polarization higher than 14% have been reached. It has been demonstrated that the ageing technique allows to get relaxation times at 1.5 K and 1 T larger than a week. It is advocated that the conventional dynamic polarization of HD should be feasible for the proton and the deuteron contained in the HD molecule. This would simplify considerably the machinery presently necessary to perform nuclear physics experiments with HD targets polarized by the static method
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  • Measurement of eta photoproduction on the proton from threshold to 1500 MeV RID B-1239-2012 RID A-2439-2012

    Bartalini, O.   Bellini, V.   Bocquet, J. P.   Calvat, P.   Capogni, M.   Casano, L.   Castoldi, M.   D'Angelo, A.   Didelez, J.-P.   Di Salvo, R.   Fantini, A.   Franco, D.   Gaulard, C.   Gervino, G.   Ghio, F.   Giardina, G.   Girolami, B.   Giusa, A.   Guidal, M.   Hourany, E.   Kunne, R.   Lapik, A.   Sandri, P. Levi   Lleres, A.   Mammoliti, F.   Mandaglio, G.   Moricciani, D.   Mushkarenkov, A. N.   Nedorezov, V.   Nicoletti, L.   Perrin, C.   Randieri, C.   Rebreyend, D.   Renard, F.   Rudnev, N.   Russew, T.   Russo, G.   Schaerf, C.   Sperduto, M.-L.   Sutera, M.-C.   Turinge, A.   Vegna, V.  

    Beam asymmetry and differential cross-section for the reaction gamma p -> eta p were measured from production threshold to 1500MeV photon laboratory energy. The two dominant neutral decay modes of the eta-meson, eta -> 2 gamma and eta -> 3 pi(0) , were analyzed. The full set of measurements is in good agreement with previously published results. Our data were compared with three models. They all fit satisfactorily the results but their respective resonance contributions are quite different. The possible photoexcitation of a narrow state N(1670) was investigated and no evidence was found.
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