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Now showing items 1 - 9 of 9

  • Microgrid clustering architectures

    Bullich-Massague, Eduard   Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Aragues-Penalba, Monica   Girbau-Llistuella, Francesc   Olivella-Rosell, Pol   Sumper, Andreas  

    Microgrids are considered one of the most promising solutions to integrate renewable distributed generation into the electric power system. During the last decade, the microgrid concept has been studied and developed and nowadays it is becoming a reality. Hence, in the coming years a transformation of the current electric power system to a multi-microgrid power system can be expected. In this direction, the study of multi-microgrids is currently being explored. Accordingly, this paper examines the possible multi-microgrid architectures to form a grid of microgrids. For this purpose, the microgrid as a single entity and its possible interactions with external grids is first defined. Then, the possible multi-microgrid architectures are defined in terms of layout, line technology and interface technology. Finally, a comparison between the different architectures is performed in terms of cost, scalability, protection, reliability, stability, communications and business models. This analysis is expected to be of great utility for grid planners and policy makers, who can select the most adequate architecture in function of their necessities.
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  • A review of energy storage technologies for wind power applications

    Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Sumper, Andreas   Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol   Villafafila-Robles, Roberto  

    Due to the stochastic nature of wind, electric power generated by wind turbines is highly erratic and may affect both the power quality and the planning of power systems. Energy Storage Systems (ESSs) may play an important role in wind power applications by controlling wind power plant output and providing ancillary services to the power system and therefore, enabling an increased penetration of wind power in the system. This article deals with the review of several energy storage technologies for wind power applications. The main objectives of the article are the introduction of the operating principles, as well as the presentation of the main characteristics of energy storage technologies suitable for stationary applications, and the definition and discussion of potential ESS applications in wind power, according to an extensive literature review. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Energy management of flywheel-based energy storage device for wind power smoothing

    Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Sumper, Andreas   Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol   Bianchi, Fernando D.  

    Power fluctuations of wind generators may affect power quality especially in weak or isolated grids. This paper proposes an energy management strategy for a flywheel-based energy storage device. The aim of the flywheel is to smooth the net power flow injected to the grid by a variable speed wind turbine. The design of the energy management strategy is conducted through several phases. First, a definition and determination of the optimal operation of the storage device is carried out through the formulation and deterministic solution of an optimization problem in GAMS. Based on this solution, an online energy management algorithm is proposed to achieve a close to optimal operation of the flywheel. This algorithm determines the set points of the torque control of the flywheel electrical machine. The proposed methodology is illustrated by simulations. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • A Comparison of Power Conversion Systems for Modular Battery-Based Energy Storage Systems

    Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Heredero-Peris, Daniel   Pages-Gimenez, Marc   Prieto-Araujo, Eduardo   Sumper, Andreas  

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  • Control of a Flywheel Energy Storage System for Power Smoothing in Wind Power Plants

    Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Bianchi, Fernando D.   Sumper, Andreas   Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol  

    This paper deals with the design and the experimental validation in scale-lab test benches of an energy management algorithm based on feedback control techniques for a flywheel energy storage device. The aim of the flywheel is to smooth the net power injected to the grid by a wind turbine or by a wind power plant. In particular, the objective is to compensate the power disturbances produced by the cycling torque disturbances of the wind turbines due to the airflow deviation through its tower section. This paper describes the control design, its tuning, as well as the description of the experimental setup, and the methods for the experimental validation of the proposed concepts. Results show that the fast wind power fluctuations can be mostly compensated through the flywheel support.
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  • Optimization of the Operation of Smart Rural Grids through a Novel Energy Management System

    Girbau-LListuella, Francesc   Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Sumper, Andreas  

    The paper proposes an innovative Energy Management System (EMS) that optimizes the grid operation based on economic and technical criteria. The EMS inputs the demand and renewable generation forecasts, electricity prices and the status of the distributed storages through the network, and solves with an optimal quarter-hourly dispatch for controllable resources. The performance of the EMS is quantified through diverse proposed metrics. The analyses were based on a real rural grid from the European FP7 project Smart Rural Grid. The performance of the EMS has been evaluated through some scenarios varying the penetration of distributed generation. The obtained results demonstrate that the inclusion of the EMS from both a technical point of view and an economic perspective for the adopted grid is justified. At the technical level, the inclusion of the EMS permits us to significantly increase the power quality in weak and radial networks. At the economic level and from a certain threshold value in renewables' penetration, the EMS reduces the energy costs for the grid participants, minimizing imports from the external grid and compensating the toll to be paid in the form of the losses incurred by including additional equipment in the network (i.e., distributed storage).
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  • Smart Grid Architecture for Rural Distribution Networks:Application to a Spanish Pilot Network

    Girbau-Llistuella, Francesc   Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Sumper, Andreas   Gallart-Fernandez, Ramon   Heredero-Peris, Daniel  

    This paper presents a novel architecture for rural distribution grids. This architecture is designed to modernize traditional rural networks into new Smart Grid ones. The architecture tackles innovation actions on both the power plane and the management plane of the system. In the power plane, the architecture focuses on exploiting the synergies between telecommunications and innovative technologies based on power electronics managing low scale electrical storage. In the management plane, a decentralized management system is proposed based on the addition of two new agents assisting the typical Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) system of distribution system operators. Altogether, the proposed architecture enables operators to use more effectively-in an automated and decentralized way-weak rural distribution systems, increasing the capability to integrate new distributed energy resources. This architecture is being implemented in a real Pilot Network located in Spain, in the frame of the European Smart Rural Grid project. The paper also includes a study case showing one of the potentialities of one of the principal technologies developed in the project and underpinning the realization of the new architecture: the so-called Intelligent Distribution Power Router.
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  • [IEEE 2012 3rd IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe) - Berlin, Germany (2012.10.14-2012.10.17)] 2012 3rd IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe) - Modeling and validation of a flywheel energy storage lab-setup

    Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Sumper, Andreas   Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol   Villafafila-Robles, Roberto  

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  • [IEEE 2016 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe) - Ljubljana, Slovenia (2016.10.9-2016.10.12)] 2016 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe) - Short-term energy storage for power quality improvement in weak MV grids with distributed renewable generation

    Diaz-Gonzalez, Francisco   Del-Rosario-Calaf, Gerard   Girbau-Llistuella, Francesc   Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol  

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