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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 23


    The invention relates to a continuous process for fractionating a suspension chosen from a microalgal biomass or milk.
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  • 12th International Symposium on Supercritcal Fluids, ISSF 2018

    Badens, Elisabeth   Kiran, Erdogan  

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  • In memoriam Prof. Dr. Michel Perrut (March 29, 1947–July 7, 2018)

    Badens, Elisabeth   Sarrade, Stéphane   Fages, Jacques   Brunner, Gerd   Kiran, Erdogan  

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  • A new model for the fractionation of fish oil FAEEs

    Pieck, Carlos Ariel   Crampon, Christelle   Charton, Frederic   Badens, Elisabeth  

    In this work, the supercritical fractionation of fatty acid ethyl esters derived from fish oil was carried out with carbon dioxide at 333 K and 14.5 MPa. The feed mixture is very complex, with over 80 different compounds detected by GC. Among them, the EicosaPentaenoic Acid (EPA) and DodecaHexaenoic Acid (DHA) ethyl esters are of major industrial interest since the consumption of these omega-3 acids has been linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The influence of the process parameters on the separation efficiency is an important point for an economic analysis of the overall purification process. First, the partition of the feed mixture was determined for different solvent-to-feed ratios varying between 21.8 and 143; the extract yield (i.e. the mass fraction of feed recovered as extract) has been calculated for each condition. Then, a new simplified equilibrium-stage model was developed and applied to the mixture. Supposing a constant distribution ratio, this model is able to correlate the influence of the solvent-to-feed ratio (through a calculated extract yield) on the concentration of the major 24 compounds present either in the feed or in the extract and raffinate, including components with low, medium and high distribution ratios. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • β-Carotene/PVP microspheres produced by Supercritical Assisted Atomization

    Di Capua, Alessia   Adami, Renata   Cosenza, Emanuela   Jalaber, Vincent   Crampon, Christelle   Badens, Elisabeth   Reverchon, Ernesto  

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  • Preface

    Badens, Elisabeth   Fages, Jacques  

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  • Supercritical CO2 extraction of neutral lipids from microalgae: Experiments and modelling

    Mouahid, Adil   Crampon, Christelle   Toudji, Sid-Ali Amine   Badens, Elisabeth  

    The aim of this work is to show that the equations developed by Sovova, based on the concept of broken and intact cells for describing the supercritical extraction curves from plants and vegetables, can be applied for the modelling of the supercritical CO2 extraction curves obtained with microalgae. Experimental and modelling results of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of lipids from four different microalgae: Nannochloropsis oculata, Cylindrotheca closterium, Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis, are presented. The experimental setup is a laboratory scale apparatus which allows an accurate monitoring of the mass loss of the microalgae sample during the extraction. The experimental data were obtained at a pressure of 40 MPa, a temperature of 333 K and CO2 flow rates from 0.3 to 0.5 kg h(-1). The extraction experiments were performed on samples having undergone different pretreatments: (i) after harvesting and centrifugation, microalgae were dried either by freeze-drying or air flow drying) and (ii) they were ground and sieved at different particle sizes (particle diameters ranging from 160 to 1000 pm). The complete extraction of neutral lipids was performed leading to mass losses up to 30% depending on the samples and on the operating conditions. Extracts were mainly composed of triglycerides (more than 90 wt% of extracts). The mathematical model published in 2005 and the simplified equations of extraction curves (using the characteristic times characterizing each extraction step) published in 2012 by Sovova were chosen to fit the experimental data. Among the hypotheses proposed by Sovova, we considered that the flow pattern of supercritical CO2 in the extraction autoclave was plug flow and the extraction process was supposed to occur with negligible solute-matrix interactions. The adjustable parameters were calculated by minimizing the sum of least squares between experimental and calculated values of the extraction yield. Good agreement between the two models and our experimental measurements was obtained. The average absolute relative deviation ranges between 0.5 and 10.2%. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Oil extraction from enriched Spirulina platensis microalgae using supercritical carbon dioxide

    Crampon, Christelle   Nikitine, Clemence   Zaier, Mohamed   Lepine, Olivier   Tanzi, Celine Dejoye   Vian, Maryline Abert   Chemat, Farid   Badens, Elisabeth  

    This article deals with the extraction of neutral lipids and antioxidants from enriched Spirulina platensis microalgae using supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2), and more particularly with the influence of experimental conditions on extraction yields and kinetics at laboratory and pilot scales. Preliminary studies were carried out at laboratory scale before the establishment of an experimental design: extraction curves were plotted for different autoclave fill rates, and under different conditions of pressure and temperature. Using a Response Surface Methodology, the significant influence of pressure on extraction efficiency was highlighted. Surface responses showed that, in the studied experimental field, mass loss increased when pressure, temperature, and CO2/microalgae mass ratio increased. Extract analyses showed that oil extracts contained chlorophylls a and b, as well as beta-carotene. Finally, larger-scale experiments were carried out with batches of 1 and 50 kg (scale-factors of 100 and 5000, respectively) and the results were consistent with those obtained at laboratory scale. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Current situation and perspectives in drug formulation by using supercritical fluid technology

    Badens, Elisabeth   Masmoudi, Yasmine   Mouahid, Adil   Crampon, Christelle  

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  • Experimental and modelling of supercritical oil extraction from rapeseeds and sunflower seeds

    Boutin, Olivier   De Nadai, Axel   Garcia Perez, Antonio   Ferrasse, Jean-Henry   Beltran, Marina   Badens, Elisabeth  

    The supercritical oil extraction from oleaginous seeds (sunflower and rapeseeds) is presented here through experimental and modelling results. The experimental setup allows an accurate following of the mass of the oil extracted and to derive the experimental influences of pressure, temperature and supercritical CO(2) flowrate on the extraction curves. These parameters are very sensitive and highlight the necessity of precise optimisation of experimental conditions. In order to complete the behaviour of supercritical fluids extraction, an improved modelling is proposed. The modelling basic equations are based on others modelling published previously. In this work, the determination of several parameters comes from correlations and the other constants are fitted with all the experimental results. Thus the modelling is more representative and predictive as other ones. The modelling results present a good agreement with the experimental results, and hence it can be used for the dimensioning of some extraction autoclaves. (C) 2011 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Bioavailability enhancement of an active substance by supercritical antisolvent precipitation

    Majerik, Viktor   Charbit, Gerard   Badens, Elisabeth   Horvath, Geza   Szokonya, Laszlo   Bosc, Nathalie   Teillaud, Eric  

    Oxeglitazar is a new orally administered poorly water soluble active substance used in the treatment of type II diabetes. Our research aimed to improve the bioavailability of this active substance using Supercritical Antisolvent (SAS) process. Oxeglitazar was coprecipitated with various solubilizing excipients: polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block copolymers (Poloxamer 188 and 407), polyethylene glycol (PEG 8000) and polyvinilpyrrolidone (PVP K17) from six different solvents: ethanol (EtOH), tetrahydrofuran (THF), dichloromethane (DCM), chloroform (CHCl3), N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and two binary solvent Mixtures: EtOH/THF (50:50%, v/v) and EtOH/CHCl3 (50:50%, v/v). Formulations were compared in terms of particle morphology, crystallinity, polymorphic purity, residual solvent content, precipitation yield and dissolution kinetics. SAS formulations of oxeglitazar-PEG 8000, Poloxamer 188 and 407 contained acicular drug crystals that were partly embedded in polymeric spheres while experiments with PVP K17 resulted in quasi amorphous solid dispersions with high density and good flowability. In spite of the greater particle size, SAS formulations exhibited significantly greater dissolution rate compared to raw drug and physical mixtures. More than twice as much active substance was dissolved at 5 min from Poloxamer 407 and PVP K17 formulations than from unprocessed drug. In addition, SAS prepared Poloxamer 407 formulation from DCM Solution exhibited high polymorphic purity, good flow properties, acceptable precipitation yield and low residual solvent content. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Extraction from oleaginous seeds using supercritical CO(2): Experimental design and products quality

    Boutin, Olivier   Badens, Elisabeth  

    An experimental design has been built in order to study the influence of different parameters on the oil extraction yield for two types of seeds (rape and sunflower) using supercritical CO(2): pressure (15-45 MPa), temperature (35-75 degrees C), CO(2) flow rate (8-19 kg h(-1)) and extraction duration (20-120 min). Extraction yields are between 0.3% and 89.8%, indicating that the experimental design covers a large range of results. Acidic and phosphorus contents in the oil and protein content in the residual cake have been done. The results indicate that pressure and extraction duration are the most influencing parameters together with temperature in the case of rape seeds. Thermodynamic effects (solubility) and kinetic effects (mass transfer depending on the seeds) have been evidenced. The selectivity of pure supercritical CO(2) has been shown: any phospholipid is extracted. In addition to selectivity, another interest of the process is the purity of the products recovered, totally free from organic solvent. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Comparison of solid dispersions produced by supercritical antisolvent and spray-freezing technologies.

    Badens, Elisabeth   Majerik, Viktor   Horvath, Geza   Szokonya, Laszlo   Bosc, Nathalie   Teillaud, Eric   Charbit, Gerard  

    Oxeglitazar is a new orally administered poorly water soluble active substance used in the treatment of type II diabetes. The objective of this work was to improve its dissolution kinetics using supercritical antisolvent (SAS) and spray-freezing (SF) techniques. Oxeglitazar was formulated with various excipients, including: Poloxamer 188 and 407, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 8000 and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) K17 in a 1:1 weight ratio. In the SAS technology, pharmaceutical ingredients were dissolved in an appropriate solvent, and the feed solution was dispersed through a capillary nozzle in supercritical CO(2) (SC CO(2)). Dichloromethane (DCM), chloroform (CHCl(3)), and a binary co-solvent system of chloroform-ethanol (EtOH/CHCl(3) 50:50, v/v%) were tested. In the SF process, tert-butanol (tBuOH) was used as solvent. The feed solution was injected into liquid nitrogen through a capillary nozzle located above the surface of the boiling nitrogen. Frozen particles were collected and freeze-dried for 30 h. Formulations were compared in terms of particle morphology, particle size, flow properties, crystallinity, polymorphic purity, residual solvent content, precipitation yield, drug content, specific surface area and dissolution kinetics. SAS and SF processed formulations exhibited enhanced dissolution rates. Within 5 min, the amount of dissolved drug varied from 31.6 to 64.3% for SAS and from 77.9 to 96.9% for freeze-dried formulations while only 30.5% was dissolved from raw drug. Apart from oxeglitazar/PVP K17, SAS prepared solid dispersions were characterized by high crystallinity and acicular shape. Freeze-dried formulations consisted of porous spherical particles with high amorphous content (94.2-100%).
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  • Applications industrielles des technologies supercritiques : état de l'art et perspectives

    Charbit, Gérard   Badens, Elisabeth   Boutin, Olivier  

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  • Crystallization of gypsum from hemihydrate in presence of additives

    Badens, Elisabeth   Veesler, Sté   phane   Boistelle, Roland  

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  • Crystallization of gypsum from hemihydrate in presence of additives

    Badens, Elisabeth   Veesler, Sté   phane   Boistelle, Roland  

    The crystallization of gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) from a suspension of calcium sulphate hemihydrate is well-known as the setting of plaster. In this paper we present results concerning the crystallization of gypsum in the presence of different acids. The influence of additives on the crystallization kinetics and on the morphology of gypsum crystal have been studied. The rate retarding effect was determined by recording, versus time, the conductivity of suspension of hemihydrate. The amount of additives adsorbed was measured by capillary electrophoresis. The results are well-related to the amount of adsorbed and incorporated additives during the crystallization. The influence of different additives on the morphology of a crystal of gypsum was also investigated and discussed. Their efficiency is related to the presence of calcium on the faces (120) and (111) and to the correspondence between distances between the carboxylic groups of the additives and between the adsorption sites at the surface of the crystal.
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