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Now showing items 1 - 2 of 2

  • Silencing ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 2C inhibits proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

    Wang, Xianxing   Yin, Liangyu   Yang, Ludi   Zheng, Yao   Liu, Songsong   Yang, Jiali   Cui, Hongjuan   Wang, Huaizhi  

    Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 2C (UBE2C) is a core ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in the ubiquitin-proteasome system that promotes cell cycle progression. Previous studies have indicated that UBE2C mediates tumorigenesis and progression in various cancers, but its role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains unclear. This study elucidated the function of UBE2C in PDAC tumorigenesis and progression by determining UBE2C expression via real-time qPCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The associations between UBE2C expression and clinicopathological characteristics and survival were assessed using a tissue microarray based on a multicentre PDAC cohort. We found that UBE2C was strongly expressed in PDAC patient tissues and was negatively associated with clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, perineural invasion and survival (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that high UBE2C expression is an independent risk factor for PDAC (P=3D0.001). In the PDAC cell lines CFPAC-1 and Panc-1, silencing UBE2C suppressed cell proliferation by inducing G1/S arrest mediated by downregulation of cyclin D1. Furthermore, UBE2C knockdown decreased the migration of PDAC cells invitro by downregulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). RNA-seq analysis showed that upon silencing UBE2C in CFPAC-1 cells, cyclin D1 and vimentin were downregulated by approximately 3.5-fold and 2.6-fold, respectively, and the major enriched pathways were related to cell cycle progression. Experiments on tumour-bearing mice injected with CFPAC-1 cells indicated that UBE2C depletion significantly inhibits tumour growth invivo. These results suggest that UBE2C is involved in the development and progression of PDAC by regulating cell proliferation and EMT. UBE2C is a novel potential therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer. DATABASE: Data are available in the GEO database under accession number GSE137172. =C2=A9 2019 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
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  • Activating miRNA-mRNA network in gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cell associates with alteration of memory CD4(+) T cells

    Gu, Jianyou   Zhang, Junfeng   Huang, Wenjie   Tao, Tian   Huang, Yaohuan   Yang, Ludi   Yang, Jiali   Fan, Yingfang   Wang, Huaizhi  

    Background: To identify key microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target mRNAs related to gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer (PC) and investigate the association between gemcitabine-resistant-related miRNAs and mRNAs and immune infiltration. Methods: Expression profiles of miRNAs and mRNAs were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs (referred to as "DEmiRNAs" and "DEmRNAs", respectively) were distinguished between gemcitabine-resistant PC cells and its parental cells. The DEmRNAs targeted by the DEmiRNAs were retrieved using miRDB, microT, and Targetscan. Furthermore, GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and GSEA were performed. The Kaplan-Meier plotter was used to analyze the prognosis of key DEmiRNAs and DEmRNAs on PC patients. The relationship between the key DEmRNAs and tumor-infiltrating immune cells in PC was investigated using CIBERSORT method using the LM22 signature as reference. Key infiltrating immune cells were further analyzed for the associations with prognosis of TCGA PAAD patients. Results: Four DEmiRNAs, including hsa-miR-3178, hsa-miR-485-3p, hsa-miR-574-5p, and hsa-miR-584-5p, were identified to target seven DEmRNAs, including MSI2, TEAD1, GNPDA1, RND3, PRKACB, TRIM68, and YKT6, individually, in gemcitabine-resistant PC cells versus parental cells. Gemcitabine-resistant PC cells were enriched in proteasome-related, immune-related, and memory CD4(+) T cell-related pathways, indicating a gemcitabine therapeutic effect on PC cells. All four DEmiRNAs and almost all DEmRNAs had an impact on the prognosis of PC patients. All seven DEmRNAs had remarkable effects on CD4(+) memory T cells, which were affected by the gemcitabine therapeutic effect. Effector memory CD4(+) T cells rather than central memory CD4(+) T cells predicted a good prognosis according to the TCGA PAAD dataset. Conclusions: Gemcitabine resistance can alter the fraction of memory CD4(+) T cells via hsa-miR-3178, hsa-miR-485-3p, hsa-miR-574-5p and hsa-miR-584-5p targeted MSI2, TEAD1, GNPDA1, RND3, PRKACB, TRIM68, and YKT6 network in PC.
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