The authors propose a new topology of insulated converter. Two converters, one on the primary side (input) and a second one on the secondary side (output), allow the combination of several transformers in series (for high voltage) and/or in parallel (for high current). The converters used have a "ladder" structure, thus distributing the voltage and/or the current in the switches. A particular control mode ensures an alternating voltage at the transformer terminals. Indeed, a circular shift of the instructions sent to the switches leads to various kinds of commutations, such as a hard-switching with voltage and current divided by two: the commutation losses will, therefore, be reduced by a factor of 4. The interlacing of the switches orders removes the discontinuities in the input and output electric signals, which present a weak ripple signal at high frequency, reducing the size of the associated filters. The principle of operation is illustrated, with steady-state analysis. The effectiveness of the proposed converter topology is verified by implementing a 1.5-kW 20-kHz prototype using insulated gate bipolar transistors and fast-recovery diodes

Gerard Kalvelage and Philippe Aubin (patentees of the SPARC patent) of the Faiveley transport company propose a new topology of insulated converter. Two converters, one on the primary side (input) and a second one on the secondary side (output), allow to combine several transformers in series (for high voltage) and/or in parallel (for high current). Mixed combinations are also possible (voltage and current of middle magnitude). The converters used have a "ladder" structure, thus distributing the voltage and/or the current in the switches. A particular control mode ensures an alternating voltage at the transformer terminals. Indeed a circular shift of the instructions sent to the switches leads to various kinds of commutations, such as a hard-switching with voltage and current divided by two: the commutation losses will therefore be reduced by a factor of 4. The interlacing of the switches' orders removes the discontinuities in the input and output electric signals, which present a weak ripple signal at high frequency, reducing the size of the associated filters. The principle of operation is illustrated together with steady state analysis. Moreover, the effectiveness of the proposed converter topology is verified by implementing a 5 kW-20 kHz prototype using IGBTs and fast recovery diodes.

The patentees of the SPARC patent, from FAIVELEY Transport, propose a new structure of interleaved converter. The interlacing of the switch controls removes the discontinuities in the input and output electric signals, which present a weak ripple signal at high frequency, therefore reducing the size of the associated filters. The principle of operation is illustrated, with a steady state analysis for a DC to DC converter. The effectiveness of the proposed converter topology is verified by implementing a 1 kW - 20 kHz hardware simulator using IGBTs and fast recovery diodes.

The authors propose a new topology of insulated converter. Two converters, one on the primary side (input) and a second one on the secondary side (output), allow the combination of several transformers in series (for high voltage) and/or in parallel (for high current). The converters used have a "ladder" structure, thus distributing the voltage and/or the current in the switches. A particular control mode ensures an alternating voltage at the transformer terminals. Indeed, a circular shift of the instructions sent to the switches leads to various kinds of commutations, such as a hard-switching with voltage and current divided by two: the commutation losses will, therefore, be reduced by a factor of 4. The interlacing of the switches orders removes the discontinuities in the input and output electric signals, which present a weak ripple signal at high frequency, reducing the size of the associated filters. The principle of operation is illustrated, with steady-state analysis. The effectiveness of the proposed converter topology is verified by implementing a 1.5-kW 20-kHz prototype using insulated gate bipolar transistors and fast-recovery diodes.