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Now showing items 1 - 16 of 736

  • Dr. B.B. Joshi - A visionary Hand Surgeon

    Kaushik   Sandhya  

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    Joshi, A.   Dwivedi, G.   Coutinho, T.   Chan, K.   Beauchesne, L.   Mielniczuk, L.   Ruddy, T.   Burwash, I.  

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  • Web Camera Use in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Impact on Nursing Workflow

    Joshi, A.   Chyou, P.-H.   Tirmizi, Z.   Gross, J.  

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  • PARP1 during embryo implantation and its upregulation by oestradiol in mice

    Joshi, A.   Mahfooz, S.   Maurya, V. K.   Kumar, V.   Basanna, C. S.   Kaur, G.   Hanif, K.   Jha, R. K.  

    Pregnancy requires successful implantation of an embryo, which occurs during a restricted period defined as 'receptivity of the endometrium' and is influenced by the ovarian steroids progesterone and oestradiol. The role of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP1) in apoptosis is well established. However, it is also involved in cell differentiation, proliferation and tissue remodelling. Previous studies have described the presence of PARP in the uterus, but its exact role in embryo implantation is not yet elucidated. Hence, in this study, we studied the expression of PARP1 in the uterus during embryo implantation and decidualisation, and its regulation by ovarian steroids. Our results show upregulation of the native form of PARP1 (similar to 116 kDa) in the cytosolic and nuclear compartments of implantation and non-implantation sites at day 5 (0500 h), followed by downregulation at day 5 (1000 h), during the embryo implantation period. The transcript level of Parp1 was also augmented during day 5 (0500 h). Inhibition of PARP1 activity by the drug EB-47 decreased the number of embryo implantation sites and blastocysts at day 5 (1000 h). Further, cleavage of native PARP1 was due to the activity of caspase-3 during the peri-implantation stage (day 5 (0500 h)), and is also required for embryo implantation, as inhibition of its activity compromised blastocyst implantation. The native (similar to 116 kDa) and cleaved (similar to 89 kDa) forms of PARP1 were both elevated during decidualisation of the uterus. Furthermore, the expression level of PARP1 in the uterus was found to be under the control of the hormone oestrogen. Our results clearly demonstrate that PARP1 participates in the process of embryo implantation.
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  • Development of low fat potato chips through microwave processing

    Joshi, A.   Rudra, S. G.   Sagar, V. R.   Raigond, P.   Dutt, S.   Singh, B.   Singh, B. P.  

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  • Pregnancy outcomes in a patient with Sjogren\"s disease with renal involvement

    Joshi, A.   O\"Donoghue, K.   Mahmood, U.   Banerjee, D.   Banerjee, A.  

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  • Estimation of the source parameters of the Nepal earthquake from strong motion data

    Joshi, A.   Tomer, Monu   Lal, Sohan   Chopra, Sumer   Singh, Sandeep   Prajapati, Sanjay   Sharma, M. L.   Sandeep,  

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  • Adenovirus DNA polymerase is recognized by human CD8+ T cells

    Joshi, A.   Tang, J.   Kuzma, M.   Wagner, J.   Mookerjee, B.   Filicko, J.   Carabasi, M.   Flomenberg, N.   Flomenberg, P.  

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  • The Role Of Context In Work Team Diversity Research: A Meta-Analytic Review

    Joshi, A.   Roh, H.  

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    Joshi, A.   Roh, H.  

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  • Assessing public health job portals over the internet

    Joshi, A.   Mirza, A.   McFarlane, K.   Amadi, C.  

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  • High-Speed Low-Noise p-i-n InGaAs Photoreceiver at 2-m Wavelength

    Joshi, A.   Becker, D.  

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  • Case Study on Visualizing Hurricanes Using Illustration-Inspired Techniques

    Joshi, A.   Caban, J.   Rheingans, P.   Sparling, L.  

    The devastating power of hurricanes was evident during the 2005 hurricane season, the most active season on record. This has prompted increased efforts by researchers to understand the physical processes that underlie the genesis, intensification, and tracks of hurricanes. This research aims at facilitating an improved understanding into the structure of hurricanes with the aid of visualization techniques. Our approach was developed by a mixed team of visualization and domain experts. To better understand these systems, and to explore their representation in NWP models, we use a variety of illustration-inspired techniques to visualize their structure and time evolution. Illustration-inspired techniques aid in the identification of the amount of vertical wind shear in a hurricane, which can help meteorologists predict dissipation. Illustration-style visualization, in combination with standard visualization techniques, helped explore the vortex rollup phenomena and the mesovortices contained within. We evaluated the effectiveness of our visualization with the help of six hurricane experts. The expert evaluation showed that the illustration-inspired techniques were preferred over existing tools. Visualization of the evolution of structural features is a prelude to a deeper visual analysis of the underlying dynamics.
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  • A Post-colonial Perspective towards Education in Bharat

    Joshi, A.   Bindlish, P.   Verma, P. K.  

    The article explores what could be a post-colonial perspective to the education delivery. If we believe that majority of the problems faced in Bharat have their roots in the colonial residue left in the society post-Independence, we should explore what can be done today. For this exploration was made whether gurukul system of indigenous education can provide the solution to few problems faced by us today? The first person embodied enquiry was made and participant observations were made to understand the pedagogy of gurukul. Hence, the experience of the researchers of the gurukul system of education is presented. Policy relevance is majorly focused on inputs for shaping up education policy with respect to elementary education.
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  • Genetic Signatures of HIV-1 Envelope-mediated Bystander Apoptosis

    Joshi, A.   Lee, R. T. C.   Mohl, J.   Sedano, M.   Khong, W. X.   Ng, O. T.   Maurer-Stroh, S.   Garg, H.  

    Background: Determinants of HIV-1 Env-mediated apoptosis remain poorly understood. Results: We studied the bystander apoptosis-inducing activity of a panel of primary HIV Envs. Conclusion: Residues Arg-476 and Asn-425 are associated with differences in HIV-1 Env-mediated bystander apoptosis induction. Significance: We identified specific genetic signatures within the HIV-1 Env that are associated with the bystander apoptosis-inducing phenotype. The envelope (Env) glycoprotein of HIV is an important determinant of viral pathogenesis. Several lines of evidence support the role of HIV-1 Env in inducing bystander apoptosis that may be a contributing factor in CD4(+) T cell loss. However, most of the studies testing this phenomenon have been conducted with laboratory-adapted HIV-1 isolates. This raises the question of whether primary Envs derived from HIV-infected patients are capable of inducing bystander apoptosis and whether specific Env signatures are associated with this phenomenon. We developed a high throughput assay to determine the bystander apoptosis inducing activity of a panel of primary Envs. We tested 38 different Envs for bystander apoptosis, virion infectivity, neutralizing antibody sensitivity, and putative N-linked glycosylation sites along with a comprehensive sequence analysis to determine if specific sequence signatures within the viral Env are associated with bystander apoptosis. Our studies show that primary Envs vary considerably in their bystander apoptosis-inducing potential, a phenomenon that correlates inversely with putative N-linked glycosylation sites and positively with virion infectivity. By use of a novel phylogenetic analysis that avoids subtype bias coupled with structural considerations, we found specific residues like Arg-476 and Asn-425 that were associated with differences in bystander apoptosis induction. A specific role of these residues was also confirmed experimentally. These data demonstrate for the first time the potential of primary R5 Envs to mediate bystander apoptosis in CD4(+) T cells. Furthermore, we identify specific genetic signatures within the Env that may be associated with the bystander apoptosis-inducing phenotype.
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  • GRIN Lens Coupled Top-Illuminated Highly Linear InGaAs Photodiodes

    Joshi, A.   Datta, S.   Becker, D.  

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