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Now showing items 33 - 34 of 34

  • Answer to the Letter to the Editor of Feng Li et al. entitled "Minimally invasive versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a meta-analysis based on the current evidence" by Nai-Feng Tian, Yao-Sen Wu, Xiao-Lei Zhang, Hua-Zi Xu, Yong-Long Chi, Fang-Min Mao (2013). Eur Spine J, doi:10.1007/s00586-013-2747-z

    Tian, Nai-Feng   Mao, Fang-Min  

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  • Effect of pyrometer type and wavelength selection on temperature measurement errors for turbine blades

    Dong Li   Chi Feng   Shan Gao   Ketui Daniel   Liwei Chen  

    Highlights • Error of different kinds of radiant pyrometer were investigated. • Emissivity of gas turbine blade material in near-infrared was investigated. • An accurate reflection model was established. Abstract Turbine blade temperature measurements are important for monitoring the working state of the blades. However, the reflected radiation from the high temperature surrounding environment leads to significant error in the optical pyrometer measurements. This study calculates and compares temperature error of single wavelength pyrometer, ratio pyrometer and multicolor pyrometer in measuring turbine rotor blade temperature. Emissivity of the blade was measured in the wavelength range of 1.2 μm to 2.5 μm. Temperature distribution of the rotor blade and the guide vane was simulated by CFD software. Additionally, temperature error was calculated based on - discretization of a three-dimensional blade model. The results show that from the leading edge to the trailing edge of the rotor blade pressure side, the variation trend of the three kinds of pyrometer temperature error is the same, first decreasing, then increasing before decreasing again. The maximum relative temperature error was found to be 7.5%, 4.9% and 2.6% when the wavelength of the pyrometer was 1.3 μm, 1.6 μm, 2.2 μm, respectively. The study also shows that wavelength selection has great influence on the ratio pyrometer. It was found that the maximum relative temperature error ranged from 2.6% to 15.7% based on the choice of the various wavelengths. On the other hand, the maximum relative temperature error of the multicolor pyrometer was 3.8%. The analysis presented in this work will be of importance in providing guidelines for choosing the optimum measurement wavelengths for optical pyrometers. Furthermore, the finding will also useful in the calculation and correction of the optical pyrometer error.
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