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Adsorption Properties of Calcined Modified Sepiolite on SO_4~(2-) and Cl~-

Author:
孙凯利  王彩辉  ZHANG Guanglei  NIU Han  FU Shifeng  WU Yueze  YANG Jinhui    


Journal:
Journal of Wuhan University of Technology(Materials Science)


Issue Date:
2020


Abstract(summary):

Three different kinds of sepiolite(Type A, Type B and Sepiolite fiber) were processed by calcination and analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis(TG), X-ray diffraction diffractometer(XRD), scanning electron microscopy(SEM), BET(specific surface area from N_2 adsorption isotherms), mercury intrusion porosimetry(MIP), and infrared spectroscopic analysis(IR), respectively. The results show that the adsorption performance of sepiolite can be changed by calcination and environment temperatures, especially for calcination. The adsorption capacity of sepiolite fiber is bigger than that of Type A and B, and adsorption capacity of each sepiolite to sulfate is smaller than that of the chloride ions. Especially, the maximum value for adsorption of the sepiolite fibers, calcined at 600 ℃ and water bath at 60 ℃, to chlorine ion and sulfate are 5.95 and 5.71 mg/g, respectively(mg/g : the ions quantity adsorbed by a unit of sepiolite weight). The minimum adsorption of calcined sepiolite fiber to sulfate ions increased from 5.02 to 5.55 mg/g. While microstructure analysis of sepiolite by TG indicated that its structure was, for temperature not exceeding 700 ℃, was not changed significantly. Sepiolite has a porous structure, especially for sepiolite fiber, which can be observed by SEM. BET indicates that sepiolite fiber has a larger pore volume than others and this can be increased by calcination. IR shows that the adsorption of sepiolite to Cl~-and SO_4~(2-) belongs to physical absorption, instead of chemisorption.


Page:
36-45


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