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Impacts of land use land cover change on runoff and sediment yield of Upper Tapi River Sub-Basin,India

Author:
Munoth, Priyamitra  Goyal, Rohit  


Journal:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT


Issue Date:
2020


Abstract(summary):

Land use land cover (LULC) changes can result in shortage of water, flood risk and soil erosion and thus contribute to the deterioration of living conditions. Understanding the impacts of LULC changes on water resources is therefore an important research issue for watershed management. Therefore, this paper discusses the impacts of LULC changes on surface runoff and sediment yield of Upper Tapi River Sub-basin, India using Soil and water assessment Tool (SWAT). The land use dynamics of the sub-basin was assessed through the analysis of four land use maps corresponding to year 1975, 1990, 2000, and 2016. It is found that from the year 1975-2016 agricultural area is increased by 18% whereas forest land and rangeland are decreased by 7% and 10% respectively. This land use change may lead to land degradation and ecological damages in the study area. These LULC maps were used to calibrate four separate SWAT models with the corresponding climate data from 1979 to 2013. These models performance are evaluated based on R-2, ENS and PBIAS values which indicate very good agreement between observed and simulated discharge. The impacts of LULC changes were assessed by four different scenarios in which climate data (1979-2013), Soil map and slope map were kept same, and only the land use maps were changed. The results of this study showed that LULC changes have resulted in corresponding increase in surface runoff, water yield, and sediment yield. The surface runoff has increased about 36% and water yield has increased about 22%. Similarly, sediment yield is also increased around 22% from the scenario S-1 to S-4. The outputs of this study could be used for soil and water conservation and river health protection in the Upper Tapi River Sub-Basin.


Page:
177---189


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