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Electrical and Crystallographic Study of an Electrothermodynamic Cycle for a Waste Heat Recovery

Author:
Kim, Juyoung  Yamanaka, Satoru  Nakajima, Akira  Katou, Takanori  Kim, Juyoung  Kim, Yoonho  Fukuda, Tatsuo  Yoshii, Kenji  Nishihata, Yasuo  Baba, Masaaki  Takeda, Masatoshi  Yamada, Noboru  Nakayama, Tadachika  Tanaka, Hirohisa  


Journal:
ADVANCED SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS


Issue Date:
2018


Abstract(summary):

For decades, wasted heat has increased, and the thermal energy conversion system has become more important, especially in automobile applications. For waste heat recovery, an innovative electrothermodynamic cycle (pyroelectric effect with an external electric field) was recently presented, which is based on temporal temperature variations in wasted heat from engine exhaust gas. Herein, for further improvement, a generating mechanism of the cycle is investigated via an Operando analysis, time-resolved synchrotron X-ray diffraction with generating assessment. Polarization changes are analyzed via simultaneous electrical and crystallographic studies. Three types of materials are prepared: soft and hard types of PZTs and lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate (PMN-PT). Among them, PMN-PT has the highest generating power. When an external electric field is applied, the PMN-PT exhibits only 180 degrees domain rotations, whereas the other materials exhibit both 90 degrees and 180 degrees rotations. A strong driving force for 180 degrees rotation depresses rotations in other angles and increases polarization changes. The results show that the material development, which has only 180 degrees switching domains, has potential for use in the establishment of a high-efficiency waste heat recovery system.


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