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Dual isotope imaging with LaBr3:Ce crystal and H8500 PSPMT

Author:
Fabbri, A   Cencelli, V Orsolini   Bennati, P   Cinti, M Nerina   Pellegrini, R   Vincentis, G De   Pani, R  


Journal:
Journal of Instrumentation


Issue Date:
2013


Abstract(summary):

The introduction of Lanthanum Bromide crystal, characterized by a fast and high light emission, offers the possibility to improve both imaging spatial resolution and energy resolution in SPECT in the 80-300 keV energy range, without compromising detection efficiency. The expected performances may be limited if the crystal is used with a multi-anode PMT with Position Sensitive response due to the wide differences in the segmented anode pad gains, ranging from 2:1 to 10:1. These characteristics may strongly deteriorate the overall energy resolution and, consequently, impair the detector imaging capability. For this reason, a 256 independent channel electronic read out was developed, based on an FPGA control, to individually read the charge on each anode. The electronics features a very low electronic noise (<1%) and a wide dynamic range. The readout electronics was used to build a gamma camera based on a single 100 mm times 100 mm continuous LaBr 3:Ce crystal coupled to a 2 times 2 array SBA photocatode (38{%} QE) Hamamatsu H8500. An offline calibration procedure is also shown in order to compensate the anode gain variation and to exploit the LaBr 3:Ce capabilities, obtaining on the whole detection area an 8.0-8.5{%} energy resolution at 140 kev. The high energy resolution performances of this gamma camera permitted to discriminate emissions from two different isotope (Tc 99m and Co 57) with very close photon energy (140 and 122 kev respectively). This capability can be used to provide the gamma image with references coming from Co 57 point sources (marker) fixed at known positions. These results confirm the LaBr 3:Ce crystals as one of the most interesting for all single photon emission applications.


Page:
C02022-C02022


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