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Genomic Instability Induced by Ionizing Radiation in Human Hepatocytes

Author:
Zuo, Ya-Hui   Dang, Xu-Hong   Zhang, Hui-Fang   Liu, Jian-Gong   Duan, Zhi-Kai   Wang, Zhong-Wen   Tong, Jian  


Journal:
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A


Issue Date:
2012


Abstract(summary):

The aim of this study was to characterize genomic instability induced by ionizing radiation (IR) in human hepatocytes as reflected by alterations in cloning efficiency, micronucleus (MN) frequency, and apoptosis. The human normal liver 7702 cell line (HL7702) was subjected to initial irradiation of Co-60-gamma ray at doses of 0 (control group), 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10 Gy in each group. Progeny of surviving cells from a second irradiation at dose of 2 Gy were cultured for 15 passages until they were transferred. The cloning efficiency, MN frequency, and apoptotic rate were measured after the initial irradiation, and repeated at passage 15 before and after the second irradiation. The initial irradiation resulted in a dose-dependent decline in cloning efficiency and an increase in MN frequency and apoptotic rate. At passage 15 in progeny of initially irradiated cells, cloning efficiency, MN frequency returned to control levels while apoptotic rate rose. After the second irradiation, cloning efficiency fell while a rise in MN frequency and apoptosis occurred. Our results show that the second irradiation may further enhance cell progeny injury induced by initial irradiation, such that genomic instability that may be difficult to detect after one irradiation is more apparent with subsequent irradiation.


Page:
700-706


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